Harumichi Shinohara

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The receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) is a cell surface multiligand receptor of the immunoglobulin superfamily, which participates in physiological and pathological processes such as neuronal development, diabetes, inflammation, neurodegenerative disorders, and cancer. A novel splice variant of RAGE-endogenous secretory decoy form (esRAGE)(More)
OBJECT Recently, intraoperative mapping has disclosed that, in addition to the classic language centers (that is, the Broca and Wernicke centers), other cortical regions may also play an important role in language organization. In the prefrontal cortex, although the lateral superior frontal gyrus (LSFG) could have language-related functions, there are no(More)
Studies on the proliferation and differentiation of the cells in the rat anterior pituitary were reviewed. The mitotic rate of anterior pituitary is low in the control adult animal, but it increased by stimulation, such as by ablation of the target organ. A high mitotic rate was also reported during ontogenesis of the pituitary. Concomitant with this(More)
BACKGROUND The distribution of lymphatic stomata that open to the pleural cavity is unclear. The distribution and the surface topography of the pleural and visceral pleurae are key factors in the turnover of pleural fluid and respiration physiology. METHODS Nine golden hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus) from 26 to 33 weeks of age were used for the study. The(More)
Horner's muscle (the palpebral part of the orbicularis oculi muscle) has a fan-shaped origin in the lacrimal bone. Its muscle fibers are oriented from 160 to 210 degrees relative to the ear-eye plane and converge towards the medial palpebral commissure. Then the muscle divides into superior and inferior bundles of fibers. Some of the lower fibers(More)
BACKGROUND The superior gemellus, inferior gemellus, and obturator internus muscles were once regarded as a single muscle judging from their insertion and function. However, current textbooks of anatomy do not treat them as one muscle. In gross anatomy, the classification of muscles depends largely upon the nerve supply, so that the present author(More)
Diabetic nephropathy is a major microvascular complication in long-standing diabetic patients who eventually undergo renal dialysis or transplantation. To prevent development of this disease and to improve advanced kidney injury, effective therapies directed toward the key molecular target are required. In this study, we examined whether inhibition of the(More)
The nature of the nerve supply to the "pocket' of pectoralis major was examined on 7 randomly selected sides of 5 embalmed cadavers. The pocket was a U-shaped muscular fold, opening cranially. The anterior limb and inner surface of the fold were supplied by nerve branches that originated from the middle segment of the pectoral nerve loop and penetrated(More)
We studied the proliferation of pituitary corticotrophs quantitatively by labeling the proliferating cells with bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) and carrying out immunocytochemistry for ACTH in rat fetuses at 19.5 days of gestation. In addition to labeling proliferating cells with a single injection of BrdU, we used double BrdU administrations at 9:00 and 19:00 for(More)
Proliferation of somatotrophs and mammotrophs in the rat pituitary during late fetal and postnatal periods up to 4 weeks after birth was quantitatively studied with the double immunostaining of bromodeoxyuridine and the hormones produced by them. Somatotrophs were first detected in 18.5-day fetuses and rapidly increased in number throughout the periods(More)