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Axolotls (Ambystoma mexicanum) have the ability to regenerate amputated limbs throughout their life span. In the present study, we attempted to elucidate how axolotls can specify limb type correctly during the regeneration process. We misexpressed Tbx5 in regenerating hindlimb blastema, and consequently a forelimb-like hindlimb regenerated from the hindlimb(More)
OBJECT Recently, intraoperative mapping has disclosed that, in addition to the classic language centers (that is, the Broca and Wernicke centers), other cortical regions may also play an important role in language organization. In the prefrontal cortex, although the lateral superior frontal gyrus (LSFG) could have language-related functions, there are no(More)
Horner's muscle (the palpebral part of the orbicularis oculi muscle) has a fan-shaped origin in the lacrimal bone. Its muscle fibers are oriented from 160 to 210 degrees relative to the ear-eye plane and converge towards the medial palpebral commissure. Then the muscle divides into superior and inferior bundles of fibers. Some of the lower fibers(More)
Axolotls (Ambystoma mexicanum) have the ability to regenerate amputated limbs throughout their life span. During limb regeneration as well as development, undifferentiated cells in the blastema acquire positional information to reproduce the original pattern along three cardinal limb axes: anteroposterior, proximodistal and dorsoventral. In the present(More)
Axolotls (Ambystoma mexicanum) have the ability to regenerate amputated limbs. The amputation surface is promptly covered by wound epithelium (WE), which is significant for the initiation of limb regeneration. In the present study, we investigated the formation of functional WE by analyzing the migration of WE after amputation. In the center of the(More)
OBJECTIVE Although the right prefrontal region is regarded as a silent area, chronic deficits of the executive function, including working memory (WM), could occur after resection of a right prefrontal glioma. This may be overlooked by postoperative standard examinations, and the disabilities could affect the patient's professional life. The right(More)
The three dimensional structure of the human hippocampus was studied using the gross anatomical tractography (GAT) of Klingler technique. Eight hippocampi were obtained from seven donors to the Kanazawa Medical University, fixed in 5% formaldehyde, frozen and thawed twice, then dissected both by naked eye and under a dissecting microscope.The subiculum was(More)
Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was employed to clarify the three dimensional structure of the human hippocampus.The polymorphic layer was L-shaped in coronal histological sections. The superior limb and lateral two thirds of the inferior limb formed a continuous plate. This plate consisted of L-shaped bars that were fused side by side with borders that(More)
The expression of the homeobox transcription factor Pitx1 was investigated in the Mexican axolotl (Ambystoma mexicanum) during limb development and regeneration by whole-mount mRNA in situ hybridizations. This clone shares high amino acid identity with Pitx1 from other vertebrates (92% Xenopus; 87% chick; 75% human and mouse) within the region isolated. In(More)