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OBJECTIVE To show that residual pancreatitis delays gastric emptying, the authors used surgical specimens and studied gastric stasis after pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy (PPPD). SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA Delayed gastric emptying is a leading cause of complications after PPPD, occurring in 30% of patients. The pathogenesis of delayed gastric(More)
We examined the role of class IA PI3K in pre-TCR controlled beta-selection and TCR-controlled positive/negative selection in thymic development. Using mice deficient for p85alpha, a major regulatory subunit of the class IA PI3K family, the role of class IA PI3K in beta-selection was examined by injection of anti-CD3epsilon mAb into p85alpha(-/-)Rag-2(-/-)(More)
SET domain genes have been identified in numbers of bacterial genomes based on similarity to SET domains of eukaryotic histone methyltransferases. Herein, a Chlamydophila pneumoniae SET domain gene was clarified to be coincidently expressed with hctA and hctB genes encoding chlamydial histone H1-like proteins, Hc1 and Hc2, respectively. The SET domain(More)
This study evaluated the relationship between the young of year (YOY) abundance of migratory fish species and the interannual variations in the duration and delay of floods in the Upper Paraná River floodplain. YOY of the most abundant migratory species Brycon orbignyanus, Hemisorubim platyrhynchos, Leporinus elongatus, Leporinus macrocephalus, Leporinus(More)
Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) has important functions in various biological systems, including immune response. Although the role of PI3K in signaling by antigen-specific receptors of the adaptive immune system has been extensively studied, less is known about the function of PI3K in innate immunity. In the present study, we demonstrate that macrophages(More)
ACTH (i.e., corticotropin) is the principal regulator of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis and stimulates steroidogenesis in the adrenal gland via the specific cell-surface melanocortin 2 receptor (MC2R). Here, we generated mice with an inactivation mutation of the MC2R gene to elucidate the roles of MC2R in adrenal development, steroidogenesis, and(More)
Heat shock factor 1 (HSF1) is a major transactivator of heat shock proteins in response to heat shock, and it is also involved in oogenesis, spermatogenesis, and placental development. However, we do not know the molecular mechanisms controlling developmental processes. In this study, we found that HSF1-null mice exhibited a significant decrease in the T(More)
Rac1, one of the Rho family small guanosine triphosphatases, has been shown to work as a "molecular switch" in various signal transduction pathways. To assess the function of Rac1 in the differentiation process of CD4 single-positive (CD4-SP) T cells from CD4CD8 double-positive (DP) cells, we used a DP cell line DPK, which can differentiate into CD4-SP(More)
Mechanisms of tolerance break against desmoglein 3 (Dsg3) in patients with pemphigus vulgaris (PV) producing pathogenic anti-Dsg3 IgG autoantibodies are unclear. In this study, using a novel PV mouse model involving Dsg3 knockout mice, we investigated the mechanisms leading to production of autoantibodies against Dsg3. Adoptive transfer of Dsg3(-/-)(More)
The molecular basis of common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is unknown. To assess humoral immunity in CVID, we selected 24 patients with early or late onset of disease. X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA), X-linked hyper-IgM syndrome (XHIM), and non-XHIM were excluded based on clinical phenotype, assessment of the immune response, presence of Bruton's(More)