Harumi Chiba

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Various lectins have attracted attention as potential microbicides to prevent HIV transmission. Their capacity to bind glycoproteins has been suggested as a means to block HIV binding and entry into susceptible cells. The previously undescribed lectin actinohivin (AH), isolated by us from an actinomycete, exhibits potent in vitro anti-HIV activity by(More)
We searched human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) entry inhibitors and found a novel anti-HIV protein, actinohivin (AH), in a culture filtrate of the newly discovered genus actinomycete Longispora albida gen. nov., sp. nov. This paper deals with the mechanism of action of the anti-HIV activity of AH. AH exhibited potent anti-HIV activities against various(More)
Actinohivin (AH) is a potent anti-human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) protein that consists of highly conserved three-tandem repeats (segments 1, 2, and 3). The molecular target of AH in its anti-HIV activity is high-mannose-type saccharide chains of HIV gp120. This article deals with sequence requirements for the anti-HIV activity of AH. The deleted or(More)
Mycophenolic acid (MPA) was identified as an inhibitor of syncytium formation during the screening of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) entry inhibitors. MPA is a well-known inhibitor of inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase and anti-HIV activity has been reported in vitro and in vivo. MPA inhibited syncytium formation in T cell-tropic and macrophage-tropic(More)
A phenalenone compound, atrovenetinone methyl acetal, was isolated from a culture broth of Penicillium sp. FKI-1463 as an HIV-1 integrase inhibitor, and it showed anti-HIV activity in vitro. HIV-1 integrase inhibition and anti-HIV activity of two other natural phenalenones were also studied. Among the tested compounds, funalenone inhibited HIV-1 integrase(More)
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