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Dietary antioxidants may attenuate oxidative damage from strenuous exercise in various tissues. Beneficial effects of the antioxidant astaxanthin have been demonstrated in vitro, but not yet in vivo. We investigated the effect of dietary supplementation with astaxanthin on oxidative damage induced by strenuous exercise in mouse gastrocnemius and heart.(More)
Monascin (1) constitutes one of the azaphilonoid pigments in the extracts of Monascus pilosus-fermented rice (red-mold rice). Compound 1 was evaluated for its anti-tumor-initiating activity via oral administration on the two-stage carcinogenesis of mouse skin tumor induced by peroxynitrite (ONOO-; PN) or by ultraviolet light B (UVB) as an initiator and(More)
Six azaphilones, monascin (1), ankaflavin (2), rubropunctatin (3), monascorburin (4), rubropunctamine (5), and monascorburamine (6), two furanoisophthalides, xanthomonasin A (7) and xanthomonasin B (8), and two amino acids, (+)-monascumic acid (9) and (-)-monascumic acid (10), isolated from the extracts of Monascus pilosus-fermented rice (red-mold rice)(More)
Nine triterpene acids, viz., six of the ursane type, ursolic acid (1), corosolic acid (2), 3-epicorosolic acid (3), pomolic acid (4), tormentic acid (5) and hyptadienic acid (6), and three of the oleanane type, oleanolic acid (7), augustic acid (8) and 3-epimaslinic acid (9), among which 1 constituted the most predominant triterpene acid, were isolated and(More)
We describe the isolation and spectrometric structure elucidation of eight new xanthones, fuscaxanthone A (1), B (2), C (3), D (4), E (5), F (6), G (7), and H (8), together with eight known xanthones from the stem bark of Garcinia fusca collected in Thailand. All the new xanthones were shown to have a terpenoid (prenyl and/or geranyl) side chain(s) in their(More)
Four minor components, along with the major cyanogenic glycosides, amygdalin and prunasin, were isolated from Prunus persica seeds (Persicae Semen; Tounin), and characterized as mandelic acid glycosides (beta-gentiobioside and beta-D-glucoside) and benzyl alcohol glycosides (beta-gentiobioside and beta-D-glucoside). The anti-tumor promoting activity of(More)
A new anthraquinone, 1,5,15-tri-O-methylmorindol (1), and two new saccharide fatty acid esters, 2-O-(beta-D-glucopyranosyl)-1-O-hexanoyl-beta-D-gluropyranose (4) and 2-O-(beta-D-glucopyranosyl)-1-O-octanoyl-beta-D-gluropyranose (5), have been isolated from a methanol extract of the fruits of Morinda citrifolia (noni) along with 10 known compounds, namely,(More)
Boswellic acids are the main well-known active components of the resin of Boswellia carteri (Burseraceae) and these are still dealing with the ethnomedicinal use for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and other inflammatory diseases. Although several studies have already been reported on the pharmacological properties, especially on the anti-inflammatory(More)
As part of the phytochemical studies of the plant genus Glycosmis, the constituents of the plant Glycosmis arborea were investigated. Three new carbazole alkaloids named glybomines A (1), B (2), and C (3), along with known monomeric alkaloids belonging to the carbazole, quinazoline, furoquinoline, quinolone, and acridone classes, were isolated from stems of(More)
Culturing Pseudozyma aphidis on glucose as main carbon source and soybean oil as co-substrate the mannosylerythritol lipids MEL-A and MEL-B were produced. Based on their excellent surface/interfacial active behavior they possess a high potential among all known biosurfactants. The components of a microbial MEL mixture were purified by medium pressure liquid(More)