Haruko Okamoto

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Active oxygen species (AOS) generated in response to stimuli and during development can function as signalling molecules in eukaryotes, leading to specific downstream responses. In plants these include such diverse processes as coping with stress (for example pathogen attack, wounding and oxygen deprivation), abscisic-acid-induced guard-cell closure, and(More)
Gene silencing associated with repeated DNA sequences has been reported for many eukaryotes, including plants. However, its biological significance remains to be determined. One important function that has been proposed is the suppression of transposons. Here, we address transposon suppression by examining the behavior of the tobacco retrotransposon Tto1(More)
Light signals perceived by photoreceptors are transduced to negatively regulate COP1, a key repressor of photomorphogenic development. To identify genes involved in light inactivation of COP1, a genetic screen was employed to identify extragenic modifier mutations of a temperature-sensitive cop1 allele. One suppressor mutation isolated also exhibited a(More)
Jasmonate (JA) activates plant defense, promotes pollen maturation, and suppresses plant growth. An emerging theme in JA biology is its involvement in light responses; here, we examine the interdependence of the JA- and light-signaling pathways in Arabidopsis thaliana. We demonstrate that mutants deficient in JA biosynthesis and signaling are deficient in a(More)
Many cold-regulated genes of Arabidopsis are inducible by abscisic acid (ABA) as well as by cold. This has been thought to occur via two separate signaling pathways, with ABA acting via ABA-responsive promoter elements and low temperature activating the C-repeat element (CRT; dehydration-responsive) promoter element via CBF (DREB1) transcription factors. We(More)
We isolated an Arabidopsis lesion initiation 2 (lin2) mutant, which develops lesion formation on leaves and siliques in a developmentally regulated and light-dependent manner. The phenotype of the lin2 plants resulted from a single nuclear recessive mutation, and LIN2 was isolated by a T-DNA tagging approach. LIN2 encodes coproporphyrinogen III oxidase, a(More)
In short and intermediate germ insects, only the anterior segments are specified during the blastoderm stage, leaving the posterior segments to be specified later, during embryogenesis, which differs from the segmentation process in Drosophila, a long germ insect. To elucidate the segmentation mechanisms of short and intermediate germ insects, we have(More)
Plant heterotrimeric G-proteins have been implicated in a number of signaling processes. However, most of these studies are based on biochemical or pharmacological approaches. To examine the role of heterotrimeric G-proteins in plant development, we generated transgenic Arabidopsis expressing the Galpha subunit of the heterotrimeric G-protein under the(More)
The constitutive photomorphogenic 1 (COP1) protein of Arabidopsis functions as a molecular switch for the seedling developmental fates: photomorphogenesis under light conditions and skotomorphogenesis in darkness. The COP1 protein contains a cysteine-rich zinc-binding RING finger motif found in diverse groups of regulatory proteins. To understand the role(More)
Arabidopsis COP1 is a negative regulator of photomorphogenesis, which targets HY5, a positive regulator of photomorphogenesis, for degradation via the proteasome pathway in the absence of light. COP1 and its interactive partner CIP8 both possess RING finger motifs, characteristic of some E3 ubiquitin ligases. Here we show that CIP8 promotes ubiquitin(More)