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Mobile devices are suitable for learning the vocabulary of a foreign language. It is effective to memorize foreign words with images and pronunciations. Hence, we developed the MultiPod system to learn foreign words by an iPod. However, if we use the MultiPod system in practice, there is the burden that a large amount of movie materials must be prepared. If(More)
We have implemented the PHI system that can be used to acquire vocabularies by using iPods. In addition, we have developed the PSI system that can be used to create learning materials for PHI. In this study, we investigate the possibility of autonomous and collaborative vocabulary acquirement of the learners by using these systems and give the design(More)
  • T. Kinugawa, M. Kato, +10 authors C. Shigemasa
  • 1998
Objective: Patients with heart failure have abnormal neurohormonal regulation during orthostatic stress, and abnormal arterial baroreflex function. This study investigated the effects of alacepril, a new angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor with sulfhydryls, on changes in neurohormonal factors during tilt and on the arterial baroreflex control of heart(More)
When we learn a vocabulary, memorizing words with their corresponding images and pronunciations is more effective than memorizing them with only the texts of their spellings and meanings. But, unfortunately, it is arduous for some specific instructors to prepare a large amount of learning materials by combining movies and sounds. Hence, in our research(More)
Mobile learning is suitable for vocabulary learning in foreign language acquirement. We have verified the effectiveness of short movie materials of about 5-second movies for foreign vocabulary learning. In a preliminary experiment, we observed a problem that for the foreign words corresponding to concrete concepts, (e.g. an apple), learners were able to(More)
Although awareness of the underlying phonological structure of a language is said to be a prerequisite in learning to read, there is still much debate as to which phonological units are the best predictors. The syllable plays an important role in accounting for various phonological phenomena observed cross-linguistically, and studies have shown its(More)
In this paper, we recapitulate the history of hacking the SIGMA system, an autonomous and collaborative vocabulary learning system, over five years. The results obtained from various evaluation experiments have shown that (1) the vocabulary learning materials created by the SIGMA system are effective in enhancing vocabulary attainment; (2) the materials(More)