Harukiyo Kawamura

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Intimal hyperplasia is a key lesion for various vascular disorders such as atherosclerosis, postangioplasty restenosis and transplant arteriopathy. It has widely been accepted that intimal smooth muscle cells (SMC) originate from the medial layer in the same artery. However, recent studies suggest that bone marrow can also provide circulating progenitors(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) has been implicated in the development of diabetic glomerulopathy. In order to evaluate a role of Smad3, one of the major signaling molecules downstream of TGF-beta, in the pathogenesis of diabetic glomerulopathy, Smad3-null mice were made diabetic with streptozotocin injection and analyzed 4 weeks after induction(More)
OBJECTIVE CCN3 belongs to the CCN family, which constitutes multifunctional secreted proteins that act as matrix cellular regulators. We investigated the pathophysiological roles of CCN3 in the vessels. METHODS AND RESULTS We examined the effects of CCN3 on the proliferation and migration of rat vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). CCN3 knockout mice were(More)
BACKGROUND C-peptide has been shown to ameliorate diabetes-induced functional and structural renal changes in animal models as well as in patients with type 1 diabetes. This study aims to examine the molecular effects of C-peptide on early glomerular changes in a mouse model of type 1 diabetes. METHODS Fourteen days after induction of diabetes by(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) is known to promote the accumulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) and the development of diabetic nephropathy. Halofuginone, an analog of febrifugine, has been shown to block TGF-beta(1) signaling and subsequent type I collagen production. Here, the inhibitory effect of halofuginone on diabetic nephropathy was(More)
The role of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta and its signal in atherogenesis is not fully understood. Here, we examined mice lacking Smad3, a major downstream mediator of TGF-beta, to clarify the precise role of Smad3-dependent signaling in vascular response to injury. Femoral arteries were injured in wild-type and Smad3-null (null) male mice on(More)
OBJECTIVE Osteopontin is upregulated in the diabetic vascular wall and in vascular smooth muscle cells cultured under high glucose concentration. In the present study, we analyzed the mechanism of high glucose-induced upregulation of osteopontin in cultured rat aortic smooth muscle cells. METHODS AND RESULTS We found that an inhibitor of Rho-associated(More)
A potential adverse effect of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (DPP-4i) on the pancreas remains controversial. We evaluated the DPP-4i effects on pancreatic amylase and lipase activity in patients with type 2 diabetes. These enzymes were slightly but significantly increased, suggesting DPP-4i cause a low-grade inflammatory change in the exocrine pancreas.
Nuclear factor I (NF-I) was purified to near homogeneity from Ehrlich ascites tumor cells. Mouse NF-I consisted of two peptides with relative molecular masses of 53 and 55 kDa and bound to the authentic NF-I site of the adenovirus DNA with no significant affinity with the CCAAT box. The purified protein was efficiently phosphorylated in a reaction(More)
We have previously reported that high glucose stimulates osteopontin (OPN) expression via a protein kinase C-dependent pathway and a hexosamine pathway in cultured rat aortic smooth muscle cells (SMCs) [Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 258 (1999) 722.]. In the present study, we carried out functional OPN promoter assays using the luciferase expression vector(More)