Haruki Toriumi

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We examined the distribution and origin of the nerve fibers innervating the dura mater of the rat that show immunoreactivity for the TRPV1 receptor (TRPV1-IR). Nearly 70% of the nerve fibers showing TRPV1-IR in the dura mater also exhibited CGRP-IR. Using a combination of immunohistochemistry and a retrograde tracer technique, we detected tracer(More)
Human dental pulp stem/progenitor cells (hDPSCs) are attractive candidates for regenerative therapy because they can be easily expanded to generate colony-forming unit-fibroblasts (CFU-Fs) on plastic and the large cell numbers required for transplantation. However, isolation based on adherence to plastic inevitably changes the surface marker expression and(More)
Botulinum neurotoxin type-A (BoNT-A) is clinically used for patients with pain disorders and dystonia. The precise mechanism whereby BoNT-A controls pain remains elusive. Here, we studied how BoNT-A affects the expression of the transient receptor potential vanilloid subfamily member 1 (TRPV1), a cation channel critically implicated in nociception, in the(More)
Employing high-speed camera laser-scanning confocal microscopy with RBC-tracking software, we previously showed that RBC velocities in intraparenchymal capillaries of rat cerebral cortex are distributed over a wide range. In the present work, we measured RBC velocities in mice, whose body weights are less than one-tenth of that of rats. In an(More)
OBJECTIVE To clarify the mechanisms of blood flow restoration after major artery occlusion, we presented first dynamic changes in cortical vessel morphology observed through a cranial window in mice after unilateral common carotid artery (CCA) occlusion. METHODS The density and diameter of capillaries, as well as diameters of pial arteries, were measured(More)
Cortical neural activities lead to changes in the cerebral blood flow (CBF), which involves astrocytic control of cerebrovascular tone. However, the manner in which astrocytic activity specifically leads to vasodilation or vasoconstriction is difficult to determine. Here, cortical astrocytes genetically expressing a light-sensitive cation channel,(More)
The ultrastructures of the upper surface layer of rat articular cartilage were studied with our “in vivo cryotechnique” followed by freeze-substitution method for scanning electron microscopy (SEM) or transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Rat hip or knee articular cartilage was quickly frozen by the in vivo cryotechnique with liquid isopentane-propane(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate endothelial repair processes in denuded pial vessels to clarify mechanisms for reconstructing endothelium (because endothelial repair of the cerebral artery after its damage is critical for the prevention of thrombosis, the maintenance of vascular tone, and the protection of the brain by the blood-brain barrier). METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
Understanding the cellular events evoked at the peripheral boundary of cerebral ischemia is critical for therapeutic outcome against the insult of cerebral ischemia. The present study reports a repeated longitudinal imaging for cellular-scale changes of neuro-glia-vascular unit at the boundary of cerebral ischemia in mouse cerebral cortex in vivo.(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine changes in red blood cell (RBC) velocity in intraparenchymal capillaries of rat cerebral cortex in response to KCl-induced cortical spreading depression (CSD). METHODS In isoflurane-anesthetized rats, the velocity of fluorescently labeled RBCs flowing in capillaries in layer I was measured with a high-speed camera laser-scanning(More)