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BACKGROUND A plant-based diet protects against chronic oxidative stress-related diseases. Dietary plants contain variable chemical families and amounts of antioxidants. It has been hypothesized that plant antioxidants may contribute to the beneficial health effects of dietary plants. Our objective was to develop a comprehensive food database consisting of(More)
We assessed the contribution of culinary and medicinal herbs to the total intake of dietary antioxidants. Our results demonstrate that there is more than a 1000-fold difference among antioxidant concentrations of various herbs. Of the dried culinary herbs tested, oregano, sage, peppermint, garden thyme, lemon balm, clove, allspice and cinnamon as well as(More)
Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs), a mesenchymal cell type in hepatic parenchyma, have unique features with respect to their cellular origin, morphology, and function. Normal, quiescent HSCs function as major vitamin A-storing cells containing over 80% of total vitamin A in the body to maintain vitamin A homeostasis. HSCs are located between parenchymal cell(More)
Proliferation of human skin fibroblasts was stimulated significantly by the presence of L-ascorbic acid 2-phosphate (Asc 2-P). The presence of Asc 2-P (0.1-1.0 mM) in the culture medium for 3 weeks enhanced the relative rate of collagen synthesis to total protein synthesis 2-fold as well as cell growth 4-fold. Coexistence of L-azetidine 2-carboxylic acid(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases-2 (MMP-2, gelatinase A) has been regarded as a crucial enzyme for tumor progression, invasion, and metastasis by its capability to degrade the basement membrane components, and its activation process is critical for tumor development. Recently, EMMPRIN/CD147, which is a member of immunoglobulin superfamily, has been reported to be(More)
PTEN is a tumor suppressor gene mutated in many human cancers. We used the Cre-loxP system to generate a keratinocyte-specific null mutation of Pten in mice (k5Pten(flox/flox) mice). k5Pten(flox/flox) mice exhibit wrinkled skin because of epidermal hyperplasia and hyperkeratosis and ruffled, shaggy, and curly hair. Histological examination revealed that(More)
In order to investigate the effect of ascorbic acid (AsA) and ascorbic acid 2-phosphate (Asc 2-P), a long-acting vitamin C derivative, on the growth and differentiation of human osteoblast-like cells, we supplemented the culture medium of MG-63 cells with various concentrations (0.25 to 1 mM) of these factors. Asc 2-P significantly stimulated nascent cell(More)
Synoviolin, also called HRD1, is an E3 ubiquitin ligase and is implicated in endoplasmic reticulum -associated degradation. In mammals, Synoviolin plays crucial roles in various physiological and pathological processes, including embryogenesis and the pathogenesis of arthropathy. However, little is known about the molecular mechanisms of Synoviolin in these(More)
Extracellular matrix (ECM), which provides critical scaffolds for all adhesive cells, regulates proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. Different cell types employ customized ECMs, which are thought to play important roles in the generation of so-called niches that contribute to cell-specific functions. The molecular entities of these customized(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) are known to play a role in hepatic regeneration. We investigated hepatocyte/HSC interaction and HSC activation at various times after 70% partial hepatectomy (PHx) in the rat. METHODS The hepatic microcirculation was studied using intravital fluorescence microscopy (IVFM). Desmin and alpha-SMA within liver(More)