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BACKGROUND A plant-based diet protects against chronic oxidative stress-related diseases. Dietary plants contain variable chemical families and amounts of antioxidants. It has been hypothesized that plant antioxidants may contribute to the beneficial health effects of dietary plants. Our objective was to develop a comprehensive food database consisting of(More)
In Drosophila, planar cell polarity (PCP) molecules such as Dachsous (Ds) may function as global directional cues directing the asymmetrical localization of PCP core proteins such as Frizzled (Fz). However, the relationship between Ds asymmetry and Fz localization in the eye is opposite to that in the wing, thereby causing controversy regarding how these(More)
The molecular pathogenesis of ASD (autism spectrum disorder), one of the heritable neurodevelopmental disorders, is not well understood, although over 15 autistic-susceptible gene loci have been extensively studied. A major issue is whether the proteins that these candidate genes encode are involved in general function and signal transduction. Several(More)
RA175/SynCAM1/Cadm1 (Cadm1), a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily, is a synaptic cell adhesion molecule that has a PDZ-binding motif at the C-terminal region. It promotes the formation of presynaptic terminals and induces functional synapses in the central nervous system. Cadm1-deficient (knockout [KO]) mice show behavioral abnormalities, including(More)
Ciliary zonules are responsible for changing the curvature of a lens in the dioptric focus of an eye. Present established theory is based on the relaxation of zonular superficial fasciculi affixed to the capsular surface, thereby inducing the change of anterior- and posterior lens curvature causing spontaneous liquid movement of lens material. To achieve(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Chronic hepatic damage leads to liver fibrosis, which is characterized by the accumulation of collagen-rich extracellular matrix. However, the mechanism by which E3 ubiquitin ligase is involved in collagen synthesis in liver fibrosis is incompletely understood. This study aimed to explore the involvement of the E3 ubiquitin ligase(More)
Morphological analyses of zonule conjugated with lens capsule were performed on the developmental change in eyes from the age of fetus to 7 years old of the rhesus macaques (Macaca fuscata). The zonule was filamentous network in late fetus. After birth, the zonular microfibrils originated from the nonpigmented epithelium of the ciliary process. On the(More)
The primary function of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) is the storage of vitamin A. However, they are also responsible for liver fibrosis and are therapeutic targets for treatment of liver cirrhosis. Among the many molecular markers that define quiescent or activated states of HSCs, the characteristics of type III intermediate filaments are of particular(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the effect of light stimulation on lipid droplets (LDs) and LD proteins in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). METHODS Dark-adapted mouse eyes were exposed to intense flashes of light, and ARPE-19 cells were treated with all-trans-retinol. The two specimens were labeled with BODIPY493/503 for LDs and with antibodies for three LD(More)