Haruki Nishizawa

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Although it has been well documented that pre-eclampsia is caused by a combination of maternal and fetal susceptibility genes, little is known about the precise etiology of this complicated disorder. To investigate how the expression of fetal genes contributes to the mechanisms underlying the progression of this disease, we have analyzed differentially(More)
Aneuploidy, a chromosomal numerical abnormality in the conceptus or fetus, occurs in at least 5% of all pregnancies and is the leading cause of early pregnancy loss in humans. Accumulating evidence now suggests that the correct segregation of chromosomes is affected by events occurring in prophase during meiosis I. These events include homologous chromosome(More)
Pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A and -A2 (PAPP-A and -A2) are proteases that cleave insulin-like growth factor-binding proteins (IGFBPs), resulting in local activation of IGF signaling pathways. Here, we examined PAPP-A and -A2 mRNA and protein levels in placenta and maternal sera from women with pre-eclampsia and compared them with samples from(More)
BACKGROUND It has been well documented that pre-eclampsia and unexplained fetal growth restriction (FGR) have a common etiological background, but little is known about their linkage at the molecular level. The aim of this study was to further investigate the mechanisms underlying pre-eclampsia and unexplained FGR. METHODS We analyzed differentially(More)
Recent findings have raised the possibility that polymorphisms within the annexin A5 gene (ANXA5) promoter contribute to the etiology of recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). In our present study, 243 Japanese women who had suffered more than three fetal losses and a group of 119 fertile controls were genotyped for four ANXA5 gene promoter single-nucleotide(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy of an oxidized regenerated cellulose adhesion barrier as an adjuvant in preventing postoperative adhesions in infertile women undergoing reconstructive surgery. STUDY DESIGN Thirty-eight cases of reconstructive surgery that could be followed up for more than two years (myomectomy 19, cystectomy 5, tuboplasty 10,(More)
OBJECTIVE A common haplotype M2 consisting of minor SNP alleles located in the ANXA5 gene promoter region has been described as a risk factor for various obstetric complications such as recurrent pregnancy loss, pre-eclampsia and pregnancy-related thrombophilic disorder. However, the question of whether it is the maternal or fetal genotype that contributes(More)
Aneuploidy in fetal chromosomes is one of the causes of pregnancy loss and of congenital birth defects. It is known that the frequency of oocyte aneuploidy increases with the human maternal age. Recent data have highlighted the contribution of cohesin complexes in the correct segregation of meiotic chromosomes. In mammalian oocytes, cohesion is established(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterise the follistatin-related gene (FLRG) in pre-eclampsia, one of the differentially expressed genes in pre-eclamptic placenta. DESIGN AND METHODS We examined and compared the messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein levels of FLRG in placentas and maternal sera from women with uncomplicated pregnancy, and those with pre-eclampsia using(More)
Synaptonemal complex protein 3 (SYCP3) plays a critical role in homologous chromosome pairing and recombination in meiosis, and mice deficient in this gene show infertility in males and subfertility in females. The aim of our current study was to determine whether genetic alterations in the SYCP3 gene are associated with female infertility in humans. We(More)