Harukazu Tohyama

Learn More
The objective of this study was to verify a method previously used to determine a reference length for calculations of anterior cruciate ligament strain. In nine knee specimens, an arthroscopic force probe and a Hall effect transducer were placed in the anteromedial band of the ligament. Anteroposterior-directed shear loads then were applied to the knee(More)
The effect of sectioning the anterior talofibular ligament on the load-displacement behavior of the ankle was evaluated in vitro during the anterior drawer test using the flexibility approach. Controlled forces were applied across the ankle joint in the anterior-posterior direction, and the resulting displacements were measured at four flexion angles (10(More)
Wear debris causes biological response which can result in periprosthetic osteolysis after total joint replacement surgery. Nuclear factor-kappa B (NFκB), a representative transcription factor involved in inflammation, is believed to play an important role in this event by regulating the production of proinflammatory mediators and osteoclastogenesis. In(More)
Accumulated signal noise will cause the integrated values to drift from the true value when measuring orientation angles of wearable sensors. This work proposes a novel method to reduce the effect of this drift to accurately measure human gait using wearable sensors. Firstly, an infinite impulse response (IIR) digital 4th order Butterworth filter was(More)
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to compare the upper, middle, and lower trapezius muscles' activity in the different planes of shoulder elevation. [Subjects] Twenty male subjects volunteered for this study. [Methods] Surface electromyographic (EMG) activity for each of the three regions of the trapezius muscles in the three different planes of(More)
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to compare the intramuscular balance ratios of the upper trapezius muscle (UT) and the lower trapezius muscle (LT), and the intermuscular balance ratios of the UT and the serratus anterior muscle (SA) among prone extension (ProExt), prone horizontal abduction with external rotation (ProHAbd), forward flexion in the(More)
BACKGROUND Autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) is an important procedure when repairing cartilage defects of the knee. We previously reported several basic studies on tissue-engineered cartilage, and conducted a multicenter clinical study in 2009. In this clinical study, we evaluated the patients' clinical scores and MRI findings before and after(More)
The effect of reconstruction of the anterior talofibular ligament with the Chrisman-Snook procedure on neutral zone laxity (anterior-posterior displacement at low loads) and flexibility (a measure of the nonlinear load-displacement response) of the ankle was investigated in vitro during the anterior drawer test. Neutral zone laxity was defined as the(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of the present study was to evaluate lower limb kinematics and muscular activities during walking, side-turning while walking, and side-cutting movement in athletes with chronic ankle instability and compare the results to those of athletes without chronic ankle instability. METHODS Lower limb kinematics and muscular activities were(More)
[Purpose] The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between the external knee adduction moment (KAM) during walking and the biomechanical characteristics of single-leg standing in healthy subjects. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-eight healthy subjects were recruited for this study. Data were collected while the subjects performed(More)