Harukazu Tohyama

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The objective of this study was to verify a method previously used to determine a reference length for calculations of anterior cruciate ligament strain. In nine knee specimens, an arthroscopic force probe and a Hall effect transducer were placed in the anteromedial band of the ligament. Anteroposterior-directed shear loads then were applied to the knee(More)
The objective of this work was to investigate the possibilities of using the wearable sensors-based H-Gait system in an actual clinical trial and proposes new gait parameters for characterizing OA gait. Seven H-Gait sensors, consisting of tri-axial inertial sensors, were attached to seven lower limb body segments (pelvis, both thighs, both shanks and both(More)
Accumulated signal noise will cause the integrated values to drift from the true value when measuring orientation angles of wearable sensors. This work proposes a novel method to reduce the effect of this drift to accurately measure human gait using wearable sensors. Firstly, an infinite impulse response (IIR) digital 4th order Butterworth filter was(More)
The effect of sectioning the anterior talofibular ligament on the load-displacement behavior of the ankle was evaluated in vitro during the anterior drawer test using the flexibility approach. Controlled forces were applied across the ankle joint in the anterior-posterior direction, and the resulting displacements were measured at four flexion angles (10(More)
Wear debris causes biological response which can result in periprosthetic osteolysis after total joint replacement surgery. Nuclear factor-kappa B (NFκB), a representative transcription factor involved in inflammation, is believed to play an important role in this event by regulating the production of proinflammatory mediators and osteoclastogenesis. In(More)
In anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, slow graft maturation may result in graft failure or elongation during the postoperative rehabilitation period. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a potent mediator of angiogenesis. The findings of recent studies suggest that VEGF application is a potential strategy to accelerate angiogenesis in(More)
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to compare the upper, middle, and lower trapezius muscles' activity in the different planes of shoulder elevation. [Subjects] Twenty male subjects volunteered for this study. [Methods] Surface electromyographic (EMG) activity for each of the three regions of the trapezius muscles in the three different planes of(More)
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to compare the intramuscular balance ratios of the upper trapezius muscle (UT) and the lower trapezius muscle (LT), and the intermuscular balance ratios of the UT and the serratus anterior muscle (SA) among prone extension (ProExt), prone horizontal abduction with external rotation (ProHAbd), forward flexion in the(More)
The role played by macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) in the process of wound healing is controversial. Besides, there have been no reports that investigated the expression or the role of MIF in the repair process after ligament injury. In this study, we hypothesized that the deficiency in MIF gene might delay ligament healing in mice. The aim of(More)
BACKGROUND Autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) is an important procedure when repairing cartilage defects of the knee. We previously reported several basic studies on tissue-engineered cartilage, and conducted a multicenter clinical study in 2009. In this clinical study, we evaluated the patients' clinical scores and MRI findings before and after(More)