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At the early postnatal period, cerebellar granule cells proliferate, differentiate, migrate, and finally form refined synaptic connections with mossy fibers. During this period, the resting membrane potential of immature granule cells is relatively depolarized, but it becomes hyperpolarized in mature cells. This investigation was conducted to examine the(More)
Leak K(+) conductance generated by TASK1/3 channels is crucial for neuronal excitability. However, endogenous modulators activating TASK channels in neurons remained unknown. We previously reported that in the presumed cholinergic neurons of the basal forebrain (BF), activation of NO-cGMP-PKG (protein kinase G) pathway enhanced the TASK1-like leak K(+)(More)
In the postnatal period, cerebellar granule cells express a set of the maturation gene battery in an activity-dependent manner and establish synaptic function in the cerebellar circuitry. Using primary cultures combined with specific inhibition of signaling cascades, the present investigation revealed that the expression of the maturation genes, including(More)
In maturing postnatal cerebellar granule cells, the Etv1/Er81 transcription factor is induced by sequential activity-dependent mechanisms through stimulation of AMPA and NMDA receptors, voltage-dependent Nav1.2 Na(+) channels, and voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channels. Etv1 then up-regulates a battery of maturation genes involved in the cerebellar circuitry. In(More)
The recent outbreak of Zika virus (ZIKV) disease caused an enormous number of infections in Central and South America, and the unusual increase in the number of infants born with microcephaly associated with ZIKV infection aroused global concern. Here, we developed a reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) assay using a(More)
In the developing cerebellum, switching of the subunit composition of NMDA receptors occurs in granule cells from NR2B-containing receptors to NR2C-containing ones. We investigated the mechanisms underlying switching of NR2B and NR2C subunit composition in primary cultures of mouse granule cells at the physiological KCl concentration (5 mM). Granule cells(More)
In the early postnatal period, cerebellar granule cells exhibit an activity-dependent downregulation of a set of immaturation genes involved in cell growth and migration and are shifted to establishment of a mature network formation. Through the use of a granule cell culture and both pharmacological and RNA interference (siRNA) analyses, the present(More)
Insects tend to feed on related hosts. The phylogenetic composition of host plant communities thus plays a prominent role in determining insect specialization, food web structure, and diversity. Previous studies showed a high preference of insect herbivores for congeneric and confamilial hosts suggesting that some levels of host plant relationships may play(More)
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