Haruhito Azuma

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gamma-Aminobutyric acid (GABA), which is a major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the brain, is also found in many peripheral nonneuronal tissues, including male reproductive organs. However, the distribution of GABAergic cells in various organs is not known. The GAD67-GFP knock-in mouse is a useful model for studying the distribution and morphology of(More)
FTY720 is a unique immunosuppressive agent that exerts its activity by inducing apoptosis in lymphocytes. We conducted the present study to investigate the effects of FTY720 on cancer growth and metastasis, as well as its mechanism of action. In vitro treatment with FTY720 induced dramatic cancer cell apoptosis in a mouse breast cancer cell line, JygMC(A).(More)
We investigated the prognostic value of BMI (body mass index) in Asian patients with RCC (renal cell carcinoma). We evaluated 170 Asian patients who underwent surgery for localized RCC (pathologic T1-4 tumors in the absence of nodal or distant metastases) between 1996 and 2004 at our institution. Patients were stratified by BMI: 22 or less vs. greater than(More)
BACKGROUND Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) facilitates metastasis during the advanced stages of cancer. Smad6, Smad7, and c-Ski block signaling by the TGF-beta superfamily proteins through different modes of action. We used adenovirus-mediated gene transfer of these natural inhibitors in a mouse model of breast cancer to examine the roles of(More)
BACKGROUND A unique immunosuppressant, FTY720, selectively induces apoptosis in activated lymphocytes, but not in other hematopoietic cells. The potential that this unique mechanism could provide anticancer potential by inducing apoptosis in the human renal cancer cell line, ACHN, which is resistant to cisplatin, and its molecular pathway was investigated.(More)
BACKGROUND Safety issues are of paramount importance in clinical human gene therapy. From this point of view, it would be better to develop a novel non-viral efficient gene transfer method. Recently, it was reported that ultrasound exposure could induce cell membrane permeabilization and enhance gene expression. METHODS In this study, we examined the(More)
We previously reported that the level of microRNA (miR)-145 is attenuated in human bladder cancer cells. In this current study, we investigated whether intravesical administration of miR-145 could be a potential therapeutic strategy for controlling bladder cancer by using an orthotopic human bladder cancer xenograft model. Following transfection of 253J B-V(More)
Prostatic stromal sarcoma (PSS) is an unusual lesion that is reported only occasionally. Here we describe a case of prostatic stromal sarcoma in a 33-year-old man who had complained of perineal pain. The serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level was above the normal limit at 5.8 ng/ml, and abdominal computed tomography (CT) revealed a giant mass in the(More)
Most cancer patients are treated with some combination of surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy. Despite recent advances in local therapy with curative intent, chemotherapeutic treatments for metastatic disease often remain unsatisfying due to severe side effects and incomplete long-term remission. Therefore, the evaluation of novel therapeutic options is of(More)