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In mammals, the circadian and stress systems (both centers of which are located in the hypothalamus) are involved in adaptation to predictable and unpredictable environmental stimuli, respectively. Although the interaction and relationship between these two systems are intriguing and have been studied in different ways since the "pre-clock gene" era, the(More)
BACKGROUND The circadian rhythm of about 24 hours is a fundamental physiological function observed in almost all organisms from prokaryotes to humans. Identification of clock genes has allowed us to study the molecular bases for circadian behaviors and temporal physiological processes such as hormonal secretion, and has prompted the idea that molecular(More)
A thorough understanding of the circadian clock requires qualitative evaluation of circadian clock gene expression. Thus far, no simple and effective method for detecting human clock gene expression has become available. This limitation has greatly hampered our understanding of human circadian rhythm. Here we report a convenient, reliable, and less invasive(More)
BACKGROUND The circadian expression of the mammalian clock genes is based on transcriptional feedback loops. Two basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) PAS (for Period-Arnt-Sim) domain-containing transcriptional activators, CLOCK and BMAL1, are known to regulate gene expression by interacting with a promoter element termed the E-box (CACGTG). The non-canonical(More)
PrimerStation (http://ps.cb.k.u-tokyo.ac.jp) is a web service that calculates primer sets guaranteeing high specificity against the entire human genome. To achieve high accuracy, we used the hybridization ratio of primers in liquid solution. Calculating the status of sequence hybridization in terms of the stringent hybridization ratio is computationally(More)
We have cloned malignant cells carrying specific antigens associated with ovarian cancer (OVC) and malignant lymphoma (ML) from BS-SHI-4M cells, a line derived from a 1-methyl-3-nitro-1-nitrosoguanidine-treated B-lymphoblastoid cell line isolated from a patient with Bloom syndrome. Since BS-SHI-4M cells react with sera from various individual cancer(More)
We detected stable expression of human embryonic antigen associated with spontaneous abortion (HEAA) on the cell surface of a tumour promoter-treated B lymphoblastoid cell line (BS-SHY) originating from Bloom syndrome. We used indirect immunofluorescence and diluted serum from 44 patients who had recurrent spontaneous abortions. With the use of the panning(More)
Bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) greatly enhanced expression of stomach (ST) cancer antigen (CA) that originated from a malignantly transformed Bloom syndrome (BS) cell line (BS-SHI-4M), although the expression was suppressed with a decrease in sister chromatid exchange (SCE) in the presence of deoxythymidine (dT) or deoxycytidine (dC) and enhanced with an increase(More)
Using a double-antibody panning procedure, we separated a unique cancer antigen cell line (BS-SHI-4M OVC-MU) expressing a mucinous ovarian cancer (OVC) antigen from a malignantly transformed Bloom's syndrome cell line. In order to gain information concerning a mucinous OVC antigen, we tested this unique cell line in the reaction to sera from patients with(More)