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The term 'sake yeast' is generally used to indicate the Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains that possess characteristics distinct from others including the laboratory strain S288C and are well suited for sake brewery. Here, we report the draft whole-genome shotgun sequence of a commonly used diploid sake yeast strain, Kyokai no. 7 (K7). The assembled sequence(More)
The effect of cellular inositol content on the ethanol tolerance of sake yeast was investigated. In a static culture of strain K901 in a synthetic medium, when cells were grown in the presence of inositol in limited amount (L-cells), the inositol content of cells decreased by one-third that of cells grown in the presence of inositol in sufficient amount(More)
Sake mash was prepared using rice with polishing ratios of 70%, 80%, 90% and 98%. At a polishing ratio of 70%, the highest amounts of ethyl caproate were produced in sake mash, and supplementation of inositol caused a decrease in ethyl caproate production. However, at a polishing ratio of over 90%, supplementation of inositol had no effect on ethyl caproate(More)
Sake yeasts take up gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) derived from rice-koji in the primary stage of sake brewing. The GABA content in sake brewed with the UGA1 disruptant, which lacked GABA transaminase, was higher than that brewed with the wild-type strain K701. The UGA1 disruptant derived from sake yeast could not grow on a medium with GABA as the sole(More)
Reporter assay and Northern hybridization analysis revealed that the deletion of the RAS2 gene induced the expression of stress-responsive genes such as YAK1, CTT1, HSP12, and TSA2 in the laboratory yeast YNN27, but not in the sake yeast UT-1, suggesting that the Ras-cAMP-PKA signaling pathway does not play a very important part in the regulation of(More)
It is well known that sake yeast has a high tolerance for ethanol, as compared to baker's yeast. To investigate the relationship between the ethanol tolerance of sake yeast and the palmitoyl-CoA pool for protein modification, the growth of yeast cells with depletion of the palmitoyl-CoA pool was monitored in the presence of ethanol. The overexpression of(More)
The term 'sake yeast' is generally used to indicate the Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains that possess characteristics distinct from others including the laboratory strain S288C and are well suited for sake brewery. Here, we report the draft whole-genome shotgun sequence of a commonly used diploid sake yeast strain, Kyokai no. 7 (K7). The assembled sequence(More)
In this study, we prepared essential oil (EO) from waste wood chips made from used sake barrels (USBs) of Japanese cedar (i.e., EO-USB) by steam distillation. We found that EO-USB and three commercially purchased EOs derived from xylem tissue of Japanese woods, such as Japanese cedar (Cryptomeria japonica), Japanese cypress (Chamaecyparis obtusa) and false(More)
We investigated the inhibitory effects of the autolysate of Leuconostoc mesenteroides, a lactic acid bacterium isolated from sake mash, on melanogenesis in B16F0 murine melanoma cells and a human skin model. The autolysate: induced a decrease in melanin content in B16F0 murine melanoma cells and a 17%, 36%, 41% and 58% decrease in the human skin model by(More)
Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) in fermented foods have attracted considerable attention recently as treatment options for allergic diseases, the incidence of which has been increasing worldwide. Five strains of LAB isolated from kimoto, the traditional seed mash used for brewing sake, were screened for the ability to suppress IgE-mediated hypersensitivity(More)