Haruhiko Kouhara

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-It has been shown that ovarian steroid hormones can reduce the incidence of cardiovascular disease in postmenopausal women. As hormone replacement therapy for postmenopausal women, progestins are added to estrogens to eliminate the increased risk of endometrial cancer. However, the effects of progestins on the atherogenic process have not been well(More)
OBJECTIVE There has been accumulating evidence demonstrating that activators for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha) have antiinflammatory, antiatherogenic, and vasodilatory effects. We hypothesized that PPARalpha activators can modulate endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) expression and its activity in cultured vascular(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-acitivated receptor alpha (PPARalpha) is a member of nuclear receptor superfamily. Recent studies have shown that the activators for PPARalpha inhibit the expression of some inflammatory molecules in vascular endothelial cells (ECs) and vascular smooth muscle cells, indicating the anti-inflammatory roles of PPARalpha on vascular(More)
OBJECTIVE Abnormal glucose tolerance is often demonstrated in acromegalic patients. Although insulin resistance is a common feature of acromegaly, it remains unclear whether the extent of insulin resistance per se determines the abnormal glucose tolerance. In order to elucidate this issue, we investigated insulin sensitivity and beta-cell function in(More)
A 77-year-old man was admitted to our hospital showing symptoms of general fatigue and appetite loss. He had leukocytosis, thrombocytosis and hypercalcemia with elevated serum levels of parathyroid hormone related peptide (PTHrP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6). An increase in tumor markers SCC and CYFURA21-1 was observed. The liver contained a huge tumor, which(More)
SC-3 cells derived from mouse mammary carcinoma (Shionogi carcinoma 115) exhibit remarkable growth enhancement and cell morphology change in response to androgen stimuli. These events are mediated through an androgen-induced growth factor (AIGF). Amino acid sequence deduced from cDNA reveals that AIGF has 215 amino acids with a signal peptide and scattered(More)
Suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS) 1 was initially identified as an intracellular negative feedback regulator of the JAK-STAT signal pathway. Recently, it has been suggested that SOCS1 affects signals of growth factors and hormones. One of them, SOCS1, is also known to be involved in auto-regulation of IRS-1-mediated signaling. However, the(More)
In adipose tissue, the ability of cells to respond to insulin and to express genes such as those encoding fatty-acid-binding protein (422/aP2), lipoprotein lipase (LPL), adipsin and glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) is acquired during their differentiation into mature adipocytes. It has been recognized that peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma(More)
Cilostazol is a specific inhibitor of cAMP phosphodiesterase, which is used for treatment of ischemic symptoms of peripheral vascular disease. Although cilostazol has antiplatelet and vasodilator properties, its effect on the expression of adhesion molecules in vascular endothelium is not known. In the present investigation, we examined the effect of(More)
A case of a 29-year-old man with an ACTH-producing pituitary tumor disseminated into the subarachnoid space is described. After total adrenalectomy for Cushing's disease at the age of 15, Nelson's syndrome developed. Transsphenoidal adenomectomy at 17 and 21 years of age, pituitary irradiation and medical therapies with sodium valproate, baclofen and(More)