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Development of a safe method to increase brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in the brain is expected to have utility in enhancing learning and memory, in protecting the brain, and in suppressing appetite. We investigated the effects of whole-body exposure to high voltage electric potential (HELP), which generates an electric field and current density(More)
Preconditioning the rat brain with spreading depression for 48 h induces potent ischemic tolerance (infarct tolerance) after an interval of 12-15 days, consequently reducing the infarcted lesion size in the acute phase following focal cerebral ischemia. However, persistence of the morphological and functional neuroprotection has not yet been proven. We(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Status epilepticus and cerebral ischemia stimulate persistent neurogenesis in the adult brain, but both conditions cause neuronal damage. We determined whether spreading depression, a common epiphenomenon of these conditions, stimulates persistent neurogenesis. METHODS We analyzed the effect of KCl-induced spreading depression on(More)
The temporary three-vessel occlusion (3VO) technique with a surgical approach for middle cerebral artery (MCA) produces consistent cerebral infarction in the neocortex in normotensive rats. The intraluminal thread-occlusion technique with an endovascular approach targeting the MCA occlusion (MCAO) is more widely used since it does not require complicated(More)
Cryptococcosis is a fungal infection, which mainly invades the lungs and central nervous system. In Japan, most cases of cryptococcosis are caused by Cryptococcus neoformans(C. neoformans). Until now, only three cases which the infectious agent was Cryptococcus neoformans var. gattii(C. gattii)have been reported. As compared with cryptococcosis caused by C.(More)
OBJECT The aim of this study was to propose criteria to determine whether complete resection of cavernous malformations in the brainstem had been achieved. METHODS The authors retrospectively analyzed data in 10 patients harboring a single cavernous malformation who had presented with hemorrhagic symptoms and had been followed up for longer than 2 years(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Cortical venous reflux (CVR) in dural arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) is a well-known risk factor for intracranial hemorrhage. However, the impact of the angiographic characteristics of CVR on the risk of intracranial hemorrhage remains unclear. This study retrospectively reviewed the angioarchitectural features of CVR to assess their(More)
We report a unique case of cavernous sinus(CS)-dural arteriovenous fistula(dAVF)with cluster headache-like ophthalmalgia without chemosis and exophthalmos, that was successfully treated by transvenous embolization. A 25-year-old man presented with severe right cluster headache-like ophthalmalgia and could not get complete relief of symptoms by medical(More)
OBJECTIVE After subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB) is secreted in and around the cerebral arteries. To clarify the role of PDGF-BB in the development of vasospasm after SAH, we determined whether PDGF-BB alone can cause long-lasting vasoconstriction of a severity similar to that of vasospasm. In addition, the(More)