The paper gives guidelines to authors on the use of statistics, including statistical considerations when designing studies. Information on this article plus a list of other recommended books is available on the World Wide Web (http:/(/)wwwinfo.ncc.go.jp/jjco/) in Japanese as well as English.
Standard treatment for clinical stage I esophageal cancer with submucosal invasion (T1b) has been surgical resection. We conducted a Phase II trial to evaluate the efficacy and the safety of combined treatment of endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) and chemoradiotherapy for clinical stage I (T1b) esophageal cancer. Patients diagnosed as having clinical stage… (More)
Low-dose cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil (LDPF) chemotherapy with daily radiotherapy (RT) is used as an alternative chemoradiotherapy regimen for locally advanced esophageal carcinoma. We evaluated whether RT plus LDPF chemotherapy had an advantage in terms of survival and/or toxicity over RT plus standard-dose cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil (SDPF) chemotherapy… (More)
BACKGROUND The correct clinical staging of soft tissue sarcomas (STS) is critical for the selection of treatments. The staging system consists of histological grade of the tumors and French Federation of Cancer Center (FNCLCC) system based on mitotic count is widely used for the grading. In this study, we compared the validity and usefulness of Ki-67… (More)
Esophageal fistula is a critical adverse event in patients treated with chemoradiotherapy (CRT) for locally advanced esophageal cancer. However, risk factors associated with esophageal fistula formation in patients receiving CRT have not yet been elucidated. We retrospectively analyzed data obtained from 140 patients who were enrolled in a phase II/III… (More)
We conducted a phase II study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of chemoradiotherapy concurrent with S-1 plus cisplatin in patients with unresectable locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. Chemotherapy consisted of S-1 twice daily on days 1-14 at 60 mg/m(2) /day and cisplatin at 20 mg/m(2) /day on days 8-11, repeated twice at a… (More)
A randomized controlled trial is currently being conducted in Japan to demonstrate the superiority of the no-touch isolation technique over the conventional technique for patients with potentially curative colon and rectosigmoid cancer. The conventional technique procedure gives first priority to mobilization of the tumor-bearing segment of the colon, which… (More)
PURPOSE A prospective randomized clinical trial was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of tamoxifen plus doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide compared to tamoxifen plus tegafur-uracil as an adjuvant therapy to treat node-positive premenopausal breast cancer (PreMBC). METHODS Eligibility criteria included pathologically node-positive (n = 1-9) preMBC with… (More)