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PURPOSE To compare fluorouracil (FU) alone with FU plus cisplatin (FP) and with uracil and tegafur plus mitomycin (UFTM) for patients with advanced gastric cancer in a prospective, randomized, controlled trial. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 280 patients with advanced gastric cancer were randomly allocated and analyzed for survival, response, and(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with esophageal carcinoma receiving postoperative chemotherapy showed superior disease-free survival than those receiving surgery alone in a Japan Clinical Oncology Group trial (JCOG9204). The purpose of this study was to evaluate optimal perioperative timing-that is, before or after surgery-for providing chemotherapy in patients with(More)
BACKGROUND The best chemotherapy regimen for metastatic gastric cancer is uncertain, but promising findings have been reported with irinotecan plus cisplatin and S-1 (tegafur, 5-chloro-2,4-dihydropyrimidine, and potassium oxonate). We aimed to investigate the superiority of irinotecan plus cisplatin and non-inferiority of S-1 compared with fluorouracil,(More)
Prior to publication of the Clavien-Dindo classification in 2004, there were no grading definitions for surgical complications in either clinical practice or surgical trials. This report establishes supplementary criteria for this classification to standardize the evaluation of postoperative complications in clinical trials. The Japan Clinical Oncology(More)
PURPOSE Our previous phase II trial for treating human T-lymphotropic virus type I-associated adult T-cell leukemia-lymphoma (ATLL) with vincristine, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and prednisone (VCAP), doxorubicin, ranimustine, and prednisone (AMP), and vindesine, etoposide, carboplatin, and prednisone (VECP) showed promising results. To test the(More)
BACKGROUND NSABP C-06 demonstrated the non-inferiority of oral adjuvant uracil and tegafur plus leucovorin (UFT/LV) to weekly fluorouracil and folinate (5-FU/LV) with respect to disease-free survival (DFS) for stage II/III colon cancer. This is the first report of JCOG0205, which compared UFT/LV to standard 5-FU/levofolinate (l-LV) for stage III colorectal(More)
PURPOSE Pathological noninvasiveness needs to be precisely predicted in preoperative radiological examinations of patients with early lung cancer for the application of limited surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients with clinical T1N0M0 peripheral lung cancer were recruited. Radiological findings of the main tumor were evaluated as to ground-glass opacity(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the optimal timing for thoracic radiotherapy (TRT) in limited-stage small-cell lung cancer (LS-SCLC), the Lung Cancer Study Group of the Japan Clinical Oncology Group conducted a phase III study in which patients were randomized to sequential TRT or concurrent TRT. PATIENTS AND METHODS We treated 231 patients with LS-SCLC. TRT(More)
OBJECTIVE The study objective was to evaluate the long-term survival of patients with radiographically determined noninvasive lung adenocarcinomas. METHODS A prospective, multi-institutional study on image diagnosis to define early (noninvasive) adenocarcinomas of the lung (Japan Clinical Oncology Group 0201) has shown that a consolidation/tumor ratio on(More)
OBJECTIVE No randomized controlled trials comparing stereotactic body radiotherapy and lobectomy for operable early-stage non-small-cell lung cancer have been successfully conducted. This study compared survival outcomes in two multi-institutional clinical trials for stereotactic body radiotherapy (Japan Clinical Oncology Group JCOG0403) and lobectomy(More)