Harufusa Toriumi

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Previously, we showed that overexpression of MIP-1alpha in mouse brain further decreased rabies virus (RABV) pathogenicity (L. Zhao, H. Toriumi, Y. Kuang, H. Chen, and Z. F. Fu, J. Virol., 83:11808-11818, 2009). In the present study, the immunogenicity of recombinant RABV expressing MIP-1alpha (rHEP-MIP1alpha) was determined. It was found that intramuscular(More)
It was found previously that induction of innate immunity, particularly chemokines, is an important mechanism of rabies virus (RABV) attenuation. To evaluate the effect of overexpression of chemokines on RABV infection, chemokines macrophage inflammatory protein 1alpha (MIP-1alpha), RANTES, and IP-10 were individually cloned into the genome of attenuated(More)
We investigated structural changes in the rabies virus (HEP-Flury strain) nucleocapsid (NC) during the virus replication, for which we used two anti-nucleoprotein (N) monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), #404-11 (specific for a conformation-dependently exposed linear epitope) and #1-7-11 (specific for a conformational epitope which is exposed after the(More)
We investigated the relationship between the two forms of rabies virus P protein, a non-catalytic subunit of rabies virus RNA polymerase. The two displayed different electrophoretic mobilities as 37- and 40-kDa polypeptides, hence termed as p37 and p40, respectively. Double labeling experiments with [3H]leucine and [32P]orthophosphate demonstrated that p40(More)
We investigated the antigenic maturation of rabies virus N protein, for which we used some conformational epitope-specific monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) and an MAb (5-2-26) against a phosphorylation-dependent linear epitope. Infected cells were lysed with a deoxycholate-free lysis buffer and separated by ultracentrifugation into the soluble top and the(More)
The structural changes of the nominal phosphoprotein (P) of rabies virus using a monoclonal antibody, mAb #402-13, was investigated. This mAb recognized a linear epitope that was mapped roughly to a C-terminal region of the P protein, ranging from aa 256 to 297. The P gene products were detected by the mAb in immunoblot assays, the products of which were(More)
We investigated multiple forms of rabies virus matrix (M) protein. Under non-reducing electrophoretic conditions, we detected, in addition to major bands of monomer forms (23- and 24-kDa) of M protein, an M antigen-positive slow-migrating minor band (about 54 kDa) in both the virion and infected cells. Relative contents of the 54-kDa and monomer components(More)
We investigated behaviors of the rabies virus matrix (M) protein using a monoclonal antibody (mAb), #3-9-16, that recognized a linear epitope located at the N-terminus of the protein. Based on the reactivity with this mAb, M proteins could be divided into at least two isoforms; an ordinary major form (Malpha) whose 3-9-16 epitope is hidden, and an(More)
We investigated possible mechanisms involved in production of a hyperphosphorylated form (p40) of rabies virus P protein, to which two dimensional (2-D) gel electrophoresis was applied. The P gene products produced in Escherichia coli cells could be detected as a single spot of unphosphorylated 37-kDa form (termed as p37-0) in a 2-D gel. The 37-kDa proteins(More)
We investigated possible role(s) of N protein phosphorylation in the rabies virus replication process. A large amount of P proteins are associated with the viral nucleocapsid (NC) in the infected cell, the amount which was greatly decreased by phosphatase-treatment of the isolated NC, indicating that the phosphate group of N and/or P proteins is essential(More)