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Concerns have been raised about pet monkeys as a potential threat to humans. We report the opposite situation, a danger to pets that arises from humans. Similar to herpesvirus B (Cercopithecine herpesvirus 1), which endangers humans but not its host species, Human herpesvirus 1 can act as a "killer virus" when crossing the species barrier to New World(More)
Properdin plays an important regulatory role in the activation of the complement system. Here we report the biosynthesis of properdin in four different human T cell lines and in T cells purified from peripheral blood. Cell sorting experiments, in conjunction with Northern blotting, showed that both CD4- and CD8-bearing populations of T cells have the(More)
During evolution Herpesviridae have developed glycoproteins, which interact with essential components of the immune system. Besides immunoglobulin-binding proteins (= Fc-receptors), expressed by several members of the herpesfamily, the interaction with the complement system plays a role in the pathogenicity of herpes simplex virus. Here we report that the(More)
Glycoprotein III (gIII) of pseudorabies virus (PRV) was shown to bind to the third component of complement (C3). This was observed only with porcine C3 whereas human C3 showed negligible binding under the conditions tested. PRV virion proteins could be precipitated from supernatants and cell lysates of PRV-infected cells by means of swine-C3 coupled to(More)
Equine herpesviruses type 1 (EHV-1) and type 4 (EHV-4) induce a complement receptor protein on the surface of infected cells capable of binding to the third component of complement (C3). The protein mediating the binding to the C3 component of complement was identified as glycoprotein 13 (gp13, EHV-gC), as expression of the cloned viral gene under the(More)
Herpes simplex virus (HSV) encodes a protein, glycoprotein C (gC), which binds to the third complement component, the central mediator of complement activation. In this study the structural and functional relationships of gC from HSV type 1 (HSV-1) and known human complement regulatory proteins factor H, properdin, factor B, complement receptor 1 (CR1) and(More)
The factors influencing the interaction of herpes simplex virus (HSV) glycoprotein C (gC) with the third component of complement (C3) were investigated in this study. The ability of gC of HSV type 1 (gC-1) to bind to the C3b fragment of C3 was found to be influenced by cell specific processing of gC-1 in a different manner, binding being remarkably enhanced(More)
BACKGROUND In immunocompromised patients, respiratory viruses are likely to lead to lower respiratory tract infections that cause severe morbidity and mortality. We conducted a prospective study from September 2003 to March 2004 to investigate the epidemiology and impact of human metapneumovirus (hMPV) on lung transplant recipients. METHODS We collected(More)
Between 1999 and 2007 1,388 stool specimens from patients with acute flaccid paralysis or aseptic meningitis were submitted to the Austrian reference laboratory for poliomyelitis. Samples (201) yielded non-poliovirus enterovirus in culture. One hundred eighty-one viruses were available for typing and 78 isolates which remained serologically untyped were(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV) is the causative agent of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, a severe disease with a mortality rate of around 30% in humans. Previous studies demonstrate that pre-treatment with type I IFNs have an antiviral effect against CCHFV, while established CCHFV infection is almost insensitive to(More)