Hartwig H F Klinker

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BACKGROUND & AIMS The treatment of patients infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) type 1 remains a challenge necessitating innovative strategies to improve treatment outcome. The extension of treatment duration beyond 48 weeks is one possible strategy to address this problem. METHODS The efficacy and safety of 48 weeks (group A, N = 230) vs 72 weeks(More)
Leishmaniasis is a rare, non-notifiable disease in Germany. Epidemiological and clinical data, therefore, are scarce. Most infections seen in Germany are contracted outside the country. The German surveillance network for imported infectious diseases (Surveillance Importierter Infektionen in Deutschland, or SIPMID) recorded 42 cases of imported(More)
With the approval of boceprevir and telaprevir the standard treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1 infection will be the triple therapy of a HCV protease inhibitor together with pegylated interferon alfa and ribavirin. In clinical studies a significant increase of sustained virological response rates from 38 - 44 % to 63 - 75 % for(More)
Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) is a well-established method to optimize dosing regimens in individual patients for drugs that are characterized by a narrow therapeutic range and large interindividual pharmacokinetic variability. For some antiretroviral drugs, mainly nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors and protease inhibitors, TDM has been(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS There is increasing interest in identifying patients with chronic hepatitis C genotype 2 or 3 infection in whom it is possible to lower the burden of therapy while retaining high levels of efficacy. METHODS Treatment-naive patients with chronic hepatitis C genotype 2/3 infection were randomized to receive peginterferon alfa-2b(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infected patients often take multiple co-medications to treat adverse events related to HCV therapy, or to manage other co-morbidities. Drug-drug interactions associated with this polypharmacy are relatively new to the field of HCV pharmacotherapy. With the advent of the direct-acting antivirals telaprevir and boceprevir, which are(More)
Invasive Candida infections are associated with high morbidity and mortality. Due to an increased incidence in patients with hematological or oncological malignancies, fluconazole prophylaxis became a common practice in many centers in the late 1990s. Until recently, there was insufficient data on the effect of the use of azoles on the incidence of Candida(More)
BACKGROUND The World Health Organization (WHO) has recommended guidelines for a HIV drug resistance (HIVDR) survey for resource-limited countries. Eligibility criteria for patients include age below 25 years in order to focus on the prevalence of transmitted HIVDR (tHIVDR) in newly-infected individuals. Most of the participating sites across Africa have so(More)
UNLABELLED Individualized treatment on the basis of early viral kinetics has been discussed to optimize antiviral therapy in chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Individually tailored reduction in treatment duration in HCV type 1-infected patients represents one possible strategy. Four hundred thirty-three patients were randomly assigned to receive(More)