Hartmut Ruetten

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The heme-enzyme soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC) is an ubiquitous NO receptor, which mediates NO downstream signaling by the generation of cGMP. We studied the mechanism of action of the anthranilic acid derivatives 5-chloro-2-(5-chloro-thiophene-2-sulfonylamino-N-(4-(morpholine-4-sulfonyl)-phenyl)-benzamide sodium salt (HMR1766) (proposed international(More)
Endothelial dysfunction, as observed in hypertension and atherosclerosis, is associated with a reduction in the bioavailability of endothelium-derived nitric oxide (NO). We tested the hypothesis that alterations in the soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC) pathway may also contribute to the pathogenesis of hypertension. Therefore, we investigated the expression(More)
Amiodarone is one of the most effective antiarrhythmic drugs. However, poor solubility of this compound has limited its intravenous application. SAR11464A is a water-soluble amiodarone-like drug that lacks iodine and inhibits multiple cardiac ion channels in vitro. This study evaluated the antiarrhythmic efficacy of this drug in vivo. In porcine studies,(More)
OBJECTIVE Heart failure as a consequence of sustained hemodynamic overload is among the most prevalent diseases in developed countries. The aim of the present study was to investigate the specific role of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) in pressure overload-induced left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy. METHODS AND RESULTS Chronic pressure-overload(More)
Aim: To investigate the efficacy of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-α (PPARα) agonist, AVE8134, in cellular and experimental models of cardiac dysfunction and heart failure. Methods: In Sprague Dawley rats with permanent ligation of the left coronary artery (post-MI), AVE8134 was compared to the PPARγ agonist rosiglitazone and in a second(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the effects of lixisenatide, a new once-daily (QD) glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist, on postprandial glucose (PPG) and gastric emptying, and the relationship between these effects in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS Data were obtained from a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group(More)
BACKGROUND Reduced endothelial nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability contributes to the progression of heart failure. In this study, we investigated whether the transcription enhancer of endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) AVE9488 improves cardiac remodeling and heart failure after experimental myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS AND RESULTS Starting 7 days after(More)
This study compares the signal transduction pathway which leads to the upregulation of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) expression with that of the increase in the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) protein and activity caused by endotoxin in cultured J774.2 macrophages. Treatment of J774.2 cells with lipopolysaccharide E. coli(More)
Rho-family GTPases like RhoA and Rac-1 are potent regulators of cellular signaling that control gene expression, migration and inflammation. Activation of Rho-GTPases has been linked to podocyte dysfunction, a feature of chronic kidney diseases (CKD). We investigated the effect of Rac-1 and Rho kinase (ROCK) inhibition on progressive renal failure in mice(More)
Lixisenatide is a glucagon-like peptide-1 analog which stimulates insulin secretion and inhibits glucagon secretion and gastric emptying. We investigated cardioprotective effects of lixisenatide in rodent models reflecting the clinical situation. The acute cardiac effects of lixisenatide were investigated in isolated rat hearts subjected to brief ischemia(More)