Learn More
The macrophage product interleukin (IL)-12 is known to drive Th1 reactions in physiological and pathological immune responses. Here we report that treatment with the homodimeric IL-12p40 subunit, an antagonist of the bioactive IL-12p35/p40 heterodimer, suppresses diabetes development in cyclophosphamide-injected NOD mice. Female mice of 70 days old received(More)
BACKGROUND The goal of the present study was to determine whether cytokines in the peripheral blood of naive NOD mice correlate with the disease process and thereby would provide a marker for monitoring disease activity. METHODS Female NOD mice (5, 10 and 14-16 weeks of age) were investigated in a cross-sectional study. In the group of 14-16-week-old(More)
The inducible NO synthase (iNOS) was found to be expressed in pancreatic lesions of adult diabetes-prone BB rats. Pancreatic iNOS mRNA was detected by reverse transcriptase PCR in pancreatic RNA of adult diabetes-prone BB rats but not in normal Wistar rats, young diabetes-prone BB rats without insulitis or in diabetes-resistant BB rats. Immunohistochemistry(More)
Nitric oxide is thought to contribute to beta cell destruction during islet inflammation in animal models of type I diabetes. In vitro, inhibition of inducible nitric oxide synthase protects islet cells from the damaging effects of inflammatory cells or cytokines. However, the administration of several inducible nitric oxide synthase inhibitors to(More)
Recently, interferon-gamma-inducing-factor (IGIF) has been described as a novel monokine that is a more potent interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) inducer than IL-12. By cloning IGIF from affected tissue and studying IGIF gene expression, we describe for the first time a close association of this cytokine with an autoimmune disease. The non-obese diabetic (NOD)(More)
We report that the onset of Th1 insulitis is preceded by a rise of interferon-gamma inducing factor (IGIF) mRNA expression in the spleen. This systemic shift towards Th1 reactivities was underlined by a close correlation of IGIF and IL-12p40 mRNA levels in the spleen, as determined by semi-quantitative RT-PCR. Cyclophosphamide-induced IGIF expression was(More)
Increased concentration of circulating adhesion molecules in human serum have been described in different immune-mediated diseases. Recently, we proposed an immunomodulatory function of soluble forms of the intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) during the pathogenesis of human Type I (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus. To test this hypothesis in(More)
Interleukin-12 is a heterodimeric cytokine, mainly produced by macrophages. In our present study we demonstrate that interleukin-12 expression is regulated by nitric oxide. Incubation of the macrophage cell line IC 21 with interferon-gamma gave rise to both interleukin-12 p40 mRNA and nitric oxide production. The concurrent addition of the nitric oxide(More)
In isologous islet transplantation in spontaneously diabetic nonobese (NOD) mice, destruction of the islet graft is caused by recurrence of T helper (Th)1-driven insulitis[fnc,1. We established a model of transplantation in which female NOD recipients were rendered diabetic by a single injection of cyclophosphamide (250 mg/kg). Under these conditions, 500(More)
The autoimmune diabetic NOD mouse serves as a model for human type 1 diabetes. Disease development is due to islet beta cell destruction in the context of immune cell infiltration of islets and inflammatory changes throughout the pancreas. In the present study we tried to identify immune reactivity patterns in the pancreas associated with diabetes(More)