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BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS A major leak from a rectal anastomosis is an important surgical complication. Endoscopic transanal vacuum-assisted rectal drainage (ETVARD) is a new method for treating nonseptic major anastomotic leaks after extraperitoneal rectal anastomoses. PATIENTS AND METHODS Between January 2002 and March 2007 a total of 17 patients (mean(More)
Larval densities of the western spruce budworm (Choristoneura occidentalis Freeman) were monitored for 12 years (1984-95) on permanent sample plots in northeastern Oregon. The time series spanned a period of general budworm infestations when populations increased rapidly from low densities, plateaued for a time at high-outbreak densities, and then declined(More)
Endoscopic drainage is a widely used treatment for pancreatic pseudocysts. Drainage-related complications may be related directly to the procedure or may occur later as stents migrate or erode into adjacent structures. Migration of a self-expanding metal stent into peritoneal cavity and incorporation in the omental bursa is rare. When endoscopic retrieval(More)
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