Hartmut P. H. Neumann

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CONTEXT Germline mutations of the genes encoding succinate dehydrogenase subunits B (SDHB) and D (SDHD) predispose to paraganglioma syndromes type 4 (PGL-4) and type 1 (PGL-1), respectively. In both syndromes, pheochromocytomas as well as head and neck paragangliomas occur; however, details for individual risks and other clinical characteristics are(More)
Germline mutation analysis was performed in 469 VHL families from North America, Europe, and Japan. Germline mutations were identified in 300/469 (63%) of the families tested; 137 distinct intragenic germline mutations were detected. Most of the germline VHL mutations (124/137) occurred in 1-2 families; a few occured in four or more families. The common(More)
BACKGROUND Pheochromocytoma is a feature of two disorders with an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance--multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN-2) (with medullary thyroid carcinoma and hyperparathyroidism) and von Hippel-Lindau disease (with angioma of the retina, hemangioblastoma of the central nervous system, renal-cell carcinoma, pancreatic cysts,(More)
Approximately 85% of patients with Alport syndrome (hereditary nephritis) have been estimated to have mutations in the X chromosomal COL4A5 collagen gene; the remaining cases are autosomal with mutations in the COL4A3 or COL4A4 genes located on chromosome 2. In the present work, the promoter sequence and previously unknown intron sequences flanking exons 2(More)
BACKGROUND The posterior retroperitoneoscopic adrenalectomy is less popular than the laparoscopic transabdominal method. Due to the direct approach to the adrenal glands, however, the posterior retroperitoneal access is easy to use and may offer advantages not available with other endoscopic procedures for adrenalectomy. METHODS Between July 1994 and(More)
The findings of a 10-year study (1976 to 1986) conducted in southwest Germany on hemangioblastomas (HBL's) of the central nervous system (CNS) are presented. During that period, 47 HBL's were diagnosed and surgically removed in 44 patients, with a good postoperative survival rate and prognosis. The majority (83%) of these tumors were located in the(More)
This review article surveys clinical and pathological literature on endolymphatic sac tumours (ELST) and summarizes characteristics that describe the entity. ELST are rare neuroectodermal neoplasms in the petrous bone, originating from inner ear structures. They can be encountered sporadically or in von Hippel-Lindau disease. The most prominent symptom is(More)
CONTEXT Paraganglioma syndrome includes inherited head and neck paragangliomas (HNPs) and adrenal or extra-adrenal pheochromocytomas and are classified according to the susceptibility genes SDHB, SDHC, and SDHD. In contrast with those with germline mutations of the SDHB and SDHD genes, clinical and genetic data on patients with mutations of SDHC are scarce.(More)
PURPOSE Renal cell carcinoma occurs as a sporadic tumor but may be part of the autosomal dominant von Hippel-Lindau disease, characterized by retinal and central nervous system hemangioblastoma, pheochromocytoma, pancreatic cysts and renal cell carcinoma. We determine the prevalence of von Hippel-Lindau disease in a series of unselected renal cell carcinoma(More)
Hereditary paraganglioma syndrome has recently been shown to be caused by germline heterozygous mutations in three (SDHB, SDHC, and SDHD) of the four genes that encode mitochondrial succinate dehydrogenase. Extraparaganglial component neoplasias have never been previously documented. In a population-based registry of symptomatic presentations of(More)