Hartmut M Lode

Learn More
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of voriconazole in acute invasive aspergillosis (IA), an open, noncomparative multicenter study was conducted. Immunocompromised patients with IA were treated with intravenously administered voriconazole 6 mg/kg twice a day (b.i.d.) twice and then 3 mg/kg b.i.d. for 6-27 days, followed by 200 mg b.i.d. administered orally(More)
BACKGROUND High functional antibody responses, establishment of immunologic memory, and unambiguous efficacy in infants suggest that an initial dose of conjugated pneumococcal polysaccharide (PnC) vaccine may be of value in a comprehensive adult immunization strategy. METHODS We compared the immunogenicity and safety of 7-valent PnC vaccine (7vPnC) with(More)
Severe tuberculosis (TB) requiring intensive care unit (ICU) care is rare but commonly known to be of markedly bad prognosis. The present study aimed to describe this condition and to determine the mortality rate and risk factors associated with mortality. Patients with confirmed TB admitted to ICU between 1990 and 2001 were retrospectively identified and(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the current incidence of side-effects severe enough to cause intolerance of standard antituberculosis therapy with isoniazid, rifampin and pyrazinamide in patients hospitalized as a result of pulmonary tuberculosis. Five hundred and nineteen patients with proven pulmonary tuberculosis, who initially received standard(More)
Post-influenza bacterial pneumonia is a major cause of morbidity and mortality associated with both seasonal and pandemic influenza virus illness. However, despite much interest in influenza and its complications in recent years, good clinical trial data to inform clinicians in their assessment of treatment options are scant. This paucity of evidence needs(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE In patients with severe COPD, acute infective exacerbations are frequent. Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae are the most commonly isolated bacteria in sputum cultures from these patients. We hypothesized that in patients with advanced disease, Gram-negative bacteria other than H influenzae play at least an equally important(More)
One recent approach to facilitating guideline implementation involves the use of care bundles. This document presents a care bundle package addressing VAP prevention in an attempt to promote guideline-compliant practices. Uniquely, the development of these care bundles used a formalised methodology to assess the supporting data, based on multi-criteria(More)
OBJECTIVES Implementation of current pharmacodynamic knowledge could enhance clinical results, avoid resistance development and reduce treatment costs. In this open, randomized, multicentre study, we evaluated the clinical and bacteriological outcome and pharmacokinetic as well as pharmacodynamic parameters of two ceftazidime therapy regimens in patients(More)
BACKGROUND Piperacillin/tazobactam (P/T) with its broad spectrum of antibacterial activity is used widely for the treatment of moderate to severe polymicrobial nosocomial infections. PATIENTS AND METHODS The efficacy and safety of P/T was compared with imipenem/cilastatin (I/C) in patients with established nosocomial pneumonia. This multicentre study took(More)
In 12 fasting volunteers, the pharmacokinetics of ciprofloxacin (Bay o 9867; 1-cyclopropyl-6-fluor-1,4-dihydro-4-oxo-7-(1-piperazinyl)-3-quinoline carbonic acid) were determined after the administration of 50, 100, and 750 mg orally as well as 50 and 100 mg intravenously over 15 min. Serum and urine concentrations were detected with a bioassay. In addition,(More)