Hartmut Knönagel

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OBJECTIVE EORTC trial 30891 compared immediate versus deferred androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) in T0-4 N0-2 M0 prostate cancer (PCa). Many patients randomly assigned to deferred ADT did not require ADT because they died before becoming symptomatic. The question arises whether serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels may be used to decide when to(More)
Studies by comparative genomic hybridization revealed that the 19q13 chromosomal region is frequently amplified in bladder cancer. The cyclin E gene (CCNE), coding for a regulatory subunit of cyclin-dependent kinase 2, has been mapped to 19q13. To investigate the role of cyclin E alterations in bladder cancer, a tissue microarray of 2,317 specimens from(More)
Many cytogenetic alterations are known to occur in urinary bladder cancer, but the significance of most of them is poorly understood. To define these chromosomal regions where clinically relevant genes may be located, a series of 54 pT1 urinary bladder carcinomas with clinical follow-up information (median, 52 months; range, 5-167 months) were examined by(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the reliability of the histological diagnosis of bladder cancer by assessing the interobserver variability of staging and grading in pTa/pT1 tumours and evaluating the clinical significance of discrepancies. MATERIALS AND METHODS All sections from 301 superficial bladder carcinomas were reviewed by one pathologist. The prognostic(More)
Gene amplification is a common mechanism for oncogene overexpression. High-level amplifications at 11q13 have been repeatedly found in bladder cancer by comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) and other techniques. Putative candidate oncogenes located in this region are CCND1 (PRAD1, bcl-1), EMS1, FGF3 (Int-2), and FGF4 (hst1, hstf1). To evaluate the(More)
BACKGROUND Trials assessing the benefit of immediate androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) for treating prostate cancer (PCa) have often done so based on differences in detectable prostate-specific antigen (PSA) relapse or metastatic disease rates at a specific time after randomization. OBJECTIVE Based on the long-term results of European Organization for(More)
The number of genes suggested to play a role in cancer biology is rapidly increasing. To be able to test a large number of molecular parameters in sufficiently large series of primary tumours, a tissue microarray (TMA) approach has been developed where samples from up to 1000 tumours can be simultaneously analysed on one glass slide. Because of the small(More)
The majority of papillary transitional cell carcinomas of the bladder are localized tumors at initial diagnosis; identification of those developing recurrence and an aggressive behavior is important. CD44 variant proteins have been implicated in tumor progression and metastasis, and a correlation with adverse prognosis has been demonstrated in a variety of(More)
It has become fashionable to perform radical prostatovesiculectomy for carcinoma of the prostate using the nerve-sparing method. In cases with a not too large prostate and a locally limited tumor, it is possible to preserve erectile potency. Our anatomic and radiologic preparation proved that postoperative impotence is not only due to lesions of the nerves(More)
Preoperative staging of malignant renal tumors or undetermined dignity is mainly performed noninvasively using CT or MRI. In cases with vascular invasion or a solitary kidney extensive invasive evaluation of the tumor can influence preoperative planning. We report two cases of oncocytoma and renal cell carcinoma with extensive imaging using DSA or helical(More)