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Wenn der Nutzen von Gesundheitsleitungen bewertet wird, geht man davon aus, den Zusammenhang zwischen Ursache und Wirkung mit wissenschaftlichen Methoden belegen zu können. Generell wird die randomisierte kontrollierte Studie (RCT) als Goldstandard zur Gewinnung wissenschaftlicher Evidenz über Kausalzusammenhänge angesehen. Da zunehmend Daten erhoben(More)
Standardized and transparent priority setting in medicine, desirable as it is, will generally exacerbate inter-temporal equity problems arising from changes in treatment priorities: when can it be fair that the treatment of already waiting patients who would have had priority under an established system should be postponed (withheld) for an extended period(More)
In standard rational choice modelling decisions are made according to given information and preferences. In the model presented here the 'information technology' of individual decision makers as well as their preferences evolve in a dynamic process. In this process decisions are made rationally by players who differ in their informational as well as in(More)
Can a court system conceivably control opportunistic behavior if judges are selected from the same population as ordinary citizens and thus are no better than "the rest of us"? This paper provides a new and, as we claim, quite profound "rational choice" answer to that unsolved riddle. Adopting an indirect evolutionary approach with endogenous preference(More)
(94<100 words) Economic intuitions concerning rational behaviour in interactive social situations are shaped by idealized models which are regarded as " approximately true ". But ideal models cannot be meaningfully deemed approximately true unless asymptotically convergent processes imply them as limit cases. We illustrate by various examples – infinitely(More)