Hartmut Kayser

Learn More
Pymetrozine is a neuroactive insecticide but its site of action in the nervous system is unknown. Based on previous studies of symptoms in the locust, the feedback loop controlling the femur-tibia joint of the middle leg was chosen to examine possible targets of the insecticide. The femoral chordotonal organ, which monitors joint position and movement,(More)
Pymetrozine inhibits feeding in aphids immediately after application without producing visible neurotoxic effects, as previously reported. In the present work, Locusta migratoria, though not a plant-sucking insect, was found to respond to pymetrozine by displaying unique symptoms, which were lifting and stretching of the hindlegs, in addition to inhibition(More)
Responses of gastric myenteric neurones evoked by the mammalian tachykinins substance P (SP), neurokinin A (NKA) and neurokinin B (NKB) were investigated using conventional intracellular recording methods. Application of the tachykinins caused a long lasting depolarization of the membrane potential which was associated with increased spike discharge and(More)
The insect nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) is a major target for insecticide action. The rapidly expanding use of neonicotinoid insecticides of varied structures makes it increasingly important to define similarities and differences in their action, particularly for the first-generation chloropyridinyl compounds versus the second-generation(More)
Although juvenile hormone (JH) has essential roles in insect development and reproduction, the molecular mechanisms of gene regulation by JH remain an enigma. In Locusta migratoria, the partially palindromic 15-nt sequence, GAGGTTCGAG(A)/(T)CCT(T)/(C), found upstream of a JH-induced gene, jhp21, was designated as a putative juvenile hormone response element(More)
The nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) is a ligand-gated ion channel in the insect CNS and a target for major insecticides. Here we use photoaffinity labeling to approach the functional architecture of insect nAChRs. Two candidate 5-azido-6-chloropyridin-3-yl photoaffinity probes are evaluated for their receptor potencies: azidoneonicotinoid (AzNN)(More)
Porphobilinogen represents a key building block of tetrapyrroles serving as functional ligands of many vitally important proteins. Here we report the first purification of porphobilinogen synthase (PBGS) from whole insects by sequentially employing two modes of native electrophoresis on polyacrylamide gels subsequent to more conventional procedures. Using(More)
Long and short axis diameters of synaptic vesicles were obtained from 6 classes of presynaptic boutons found in the medial septal nucleus (MS) of the rat. The variability of vesicle size and shape was documented in diagrams and discussed with regard to their suitability as criteria of classification and their functional significance. The variability in(More)
  • 1