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Thiamethoxam is the first commercial neonicotinoid insecticide from the thianicotinyl subclass. It was discovered in the course of our optimisation program on neonicotinoids started in 1985. Novel variations of the nitroimino-heterocycle of imidacloprid led to 4-nitroimino-1,3,5-oxadiazinanes exhibiting high insecticidal activity. Among these, thiamethoxam(More)
Pymetrozine is a neuroactive insecticide but its site of action in the nervous system is unknown. Based on previous studies of symptoms in the locust, the feedback loop controlling the femur-tibia joint of the middle leg was chosen to examine possible targets of the insecticide. The femoral chordotonal organ, which monitors joint position and movement,(More)
Pymetrozine inhibits feeding in aphids immediately after application without producing visible neurotoxic effects, as previously reported. In the present work, Locusta migratoria, though not a plant-sucking insect, was found to respond to pymetrozine by displaying unique symptoms, which were lifting and stretching of the hindlegs, in addition to inhibition(More)
The in vitro modulation of the proliferation of human peripheral blood lymphocytes by different synthetic peptides derived from milk proteins was investigated. Therefore, proliferation changes were followed up after incorporation of BrdU into the DNA, and the influence on protein biosynthesis was measured using the [3H]leucine incorporation test. Tyr-Gly(More)
In this study it could be shown that in rat the normally occurring N-acetyl neuraminic acid can be modified in its N-acyl moiety by in vivo administration of the chemically synthesized N-propanoyl precursors, N-propanoyl-D-glucosamine or N-propanoyl-D-mannosamine. It could be shown that each of these nonphysiological amino sugar analogues was incorporated(More)
Sialic acids are essential components of the cell surface receptors of many microorganisms including viruses. A synthetic, N-substituted D-mannosamine derivative has been shown to act as precursor for structurally altered sialic acid incorporated into glycoconjugates in vivo (Kayser, H., Zeitler, R., Kannicht, C., Grunow, D., Nuck, R., and Reutter, W.(More)
The bilin binding protein (BBP) from the insect Pieris brassicae has been analysed for amino acid sequence, spectral properties and three-dimensional structure. The crystal structure that had been determined by isomorphous replacement has been refined at 2.0 A (1 A = 0.1 nm) resolution to an R-value of 0.20. The asymmetric unit contains four independent(More)
The insect nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) is a major target for insecticide action. The rapidly expanding use of neonicotinoid insecticides of varied structures makes it increasingly important to define similarities and differences in their action, particularly for the first-generation chloropyridinyl compounds versus the second-generation(More)
The biosynthesis of the steroidal molting hormone, 20-hydroxyecdysone, of arthropods involves a series of cytochrome P450-catalyzed hydroxylations. None of the many sequences of insect cytochromes P450, known to date, is related to ecdysteroid pathways. Here, we report the cloning and sequencing of a full-length cDNA of a new cytochrome P450, classified as(More)
We characterize and describe for the first time the primary structure of a human porin with the molecular mass of 31 kDa derived from the plasmalemm of B-lymphocytes (Porin 31HL). Porin 31HL is shown to be a basic, channel forming membrane protein. The protein chain is composed of 282 amino acids with a relative molecular mass of 30641 Da without(More)