Hartmut Herrmann

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Levoglucosan, an important molecular marker for biomass burning, represents an important fraction of the water-soluble organic carbon in atmospheric particles influenced by residential wood burning and wildfires. However, particle phase oxidation processes of levoglucosan by free radicals are not well-known. Hence, detailed kinetic studies on the reactivity(More)
The formation of organosulfates from the gas-phase ozonolysis of beta-pinene in the presence of neutral or acidic sulfate particles was investigated in a series of indoor aerosol chamber experiments. The organosulfates were analyzed using high-performance liquid chromatography (LC) coupled to electrospray ionization-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MS) in(More)
The most important radicals which need to be considered for the description of chemical conversion processes in tropospheric aqueous systems are the hydroxyl radical (OH), the nitrate radical (NO(3)) and sulphur-containing radicals such as the sulphate radical (SO(4)(-)). For each of the three radicals their generation and their properties are discussed(More)
Atmospheric particulate matter can be strongly affected by smoke from biomass combustion, including wildfires, prescribed burns, and residential wood burning. Molecular source tracer techniques help determine contributions of biomass smoke to particle concentrations if representative source profiles are available. Various wood smoke source profiles have(More)
This critical review addresses the atmospheric gas phase and aqueous phase amine chemistry that is relevant to potential emissions from amine-based carbon capture and storage (CCS). The focus is on amine, nitrosamine and nitramine degradation, and nitrosamine and nitramine formation processes. A comparison between the relative importance of the various(More)
Detailed chemical analysis of wintertime PM₁₀ collected at a rural village site in Germany showed the presence of a series of compounds that correlated very well with levoglucosan, a known biomass burning tracer compound. Nitrated aromatic compounds with molecular formula C₇H₇NO₄ (M(w) 169) correlated particularly well with levoglucosan, indicating that(More)
Evidence from field measurements suggests that organosulfates contribute substantially to ambient secondary organic aerosol (SOA) and might dominate a considerable fraction of total sulfur in tropospheric particles. While alcohols and epoxides are suggested to be most likely precursors for organosulfates in SOA, their reactivity in acidic particles and(More)
This contribution examines the aqueous phase photolysis processes of simple anions such as nitrate, nitrite, peroxodisulfate and neutral molecules such as H2O2. The review includes new results on absolute effective quantum yields for the photodissociation processes of NO3(-), NO2(-), S2O8(2-), HSO5(-), S2O6(2-), HOCl, and chloroacetone in an aqueous(More)
A method for rapid assessment of hepatic function in cirrhotics based on the formation of the lidocaine metabolite, monoethylglycinexylidide (MEGX), was evaluated. The formation kinetics and urinary excretion patterns of MEGX clearly distinguished cirrhotics (n = 12) from healthy volunteers (n = 16). In a prospective study, we compared the prognostic value(More)