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The launch of ADEOS in August 1996 with POLDER, TOMS, and OCTS instruments on board and the future launch of EOS-AM 1 in mid-1998 with MODIS and MISR instruments on board start a new era in remote sensing of aerosol as part of a new remote sensing of the whole Earth system (see a list of the acronyms in the Notation section of the paper). These platforms(More)
An iteration method for the determination of size distributions of aerosols from spectral attenuation data, similar to the one previously published for clouds, is presented. The basis for this iteration is to consider the extinction efficiency factor of particles as a set of weighting functions covering the entire radius region of a distribution. The(More)
The global atmospheric distribution and long-range transport (LRT) potential of three polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) - anthracene, fluoranthene and benzo[a]pyrene - are studied. The model used is a global aerosol-chemistry-transport-model, which is based on an atmospheric general circulation model. The model includes an in-built dynamic aerosol(More)
Far-ultraviolet alkali metal or Wood's filters have been produced and tested supporting the production of a flight filter for the Wide Field Planetary Camera 2 on the Hubble Space Telescope. Sodium layers 0.5-1-microm thick transmit up to 40% in the ultraviolet while efficiently blocking visible wavelengths. The prevention of visible pinholes is assisted by(More)
After the successful Phase I of the GEWEX continental-scale Baltic Sea Experiment (BALTEX), which brought major results in both science (such as coupled regional models for the Baltic Sea basin with the first water budget estimates established and new data sets assimilated) and also infrastructure (e.g. four dedicated data centres for meteorological,(More)
Factor analysis is applied to multispectral (seventeen wavelengths) radiances simulated by a radiative transfer model (matrix-operator method) in and above coastal and open ocean waters. The calculated radiances were compared with measured radiances before applying factor analysis. They agree well for different sun elevations and even for turbid coastal(More)