Hartmut Fritzsche

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Sequence-dependent structural features of the DNA double helix have a strong influence on the base pair opening dynamics. Here we report a detailed study of the kinetics of base pair breathing in tracts of GC base pairs in DNA duplexes derived from 1H NMR measurements of the imino proton exchange rates upon titration with the exchange catalyst ammonia. In(More)
The DNA-caffeine interaction at high concentration of caffeine (Cf) leads to an arrangement of Cf molecules outside of the DNA double helix with an orientation parallel to the bases both in the A and B form as demonstrated by infrared linear dichroism. Addition of DNA broadens the 1H NMR lines of Cf in aqueous solution indicating a specific binding.(More)
The solution structure of the DNA decamer (CATGGCCATG)2 has been determined by NMR spectroscopy and restrained molecular dynamic and distance geometry calculations. The restrainted data set includes interproton distances and torsion angles for the deoxyribose sugar ring which were obtained by nuclear Overhauser enhancement intensities and quantitative(More)
The structure of iremycin [10-(alpha-L-rhodosaminyl)-gamma-rhodomycinone] hydrochloride has been confirmed by 1H and 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. We studied the interaction of iremycin and the related compound daunomycin with DNA by transient electric dichroism and by sedimentation analysis of supercoiled closed duplex DNA. The(More)
The infrared spectra of three different 25-mer parallel-stranded DNAs (ps-DNA) have been studied. We have used ps-DNAs containing either exclusively dA x dT base pairs or substitution with four dG x dC base pairs and have them compared with their antiparallel-stranded (aps) reference duplexes in a conventional B-DNA conformation. Significant differences(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the activating properties of serum from septic patients on monocytes and the potential effect of plasmapheresis. DESIGN Prospective controlled study. SETTING Teaching hospital, Germany. SUBJECTS 7 Patients with life-threatening systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and 4 control patients with serious but not(More)
The transition of the 14-meric deoxyoligonucleotide duplex d-(ACCCCCTTTTTTTG).d-(CAAAAAAAGGGGGT) from the B- to the A-conformation in water/trifluorethanol (TFE) solution was studied with the use of circular dichroism. An increase in the fraction of TFE induces a two-step B-A transition. In the first step, up to 73% TFE, the A-form is generated from the(More)
The exchange behavior of the guanine N(1) and uracil N(3) protons in the self-complementary hexanucleotide r(ApApGpCpUpU) has been studied at 5 degrees C in 80% H2O/20% D2O by proton NMR. Under these conditions, the hexanucleotide forms a stable miniduplex. The exchange rate of all Watson-Crick NH protons is unaffected by addition of trifluoroethylamine up(More)
Fourier Transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy was used to characterize the Mg2+ dependent association of a 23-mer mixed ribo-deoxyribonucleotide (23-mer RNA) and a 7-mer oligoribonucleotide (7-mer RNA) that models the triple-helical domain of a self-splicing group I intron [Sarkar et al. (1996) Biochemistry 35, 4678-4688]. To elucidate the effect of(More)