Hartmut Follmann

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All known cosmic and geological conditions and laws of chemistry and thermodynamics allow that complex organic matter could have formed spontaneously on pristine planet Earth about 4,000 mya. Simple gasses and minerals on the surface and in oceans of the early Earth reacted and were eventually organized in supramolecular aggregates and enveloped cells that(More)
Dehydroascorbate reductase has been isolated from spinach chloroplasts and purified to apparent homogeneity. The N-terminal amino acid sequence of the enzyme is homologous to the Kunitz-type trypsin inhibitors from plant sources. It is shown that spinach DHA reductase and soybean trypsin inhibitor are both capable of reducing dehydroascorbate when in the(More)
Thioredoxins have been purified from pig heart and potato tuber mitochondria which differ in chromatographic behaviour, enzyme activating capacity, and slightly higher molecular mass (Mr = 12,500) from the major thioredoxin(s) present in mitochondria-free fractions of the same tissue. Both mt-thioredoxins can serve as hydrogen donor for E. coli(More)
Ribonucleotide reduction and not DNA replication is the site for the specific manganese requirement of DNA synthesis and cell growth in the coryneform bacterium Brevibacterium ammoniagenes. To characterize the metal effect we have isolated and purified ribonucleoside-diphosphate reductase from overproducing bacteria that were first deprived of and then(More)
In many physiological studies dehydroascorbate (DHA) reductase is regarded as one of the chloroplast enzymes involved in the protection against oxidative stress. Here, evidence is presented that plant cells do not possess a specific DHA reductase. The DHA reductase activities measured in plant extracts are due to side reactions of proteins containing(More)
A gene has been cloned from Trypanosoma brucei which encodes a protein of 144 amino acid residues containing the thioredoxin-like motif WCPPCR. Overexpression of the gene in E. coli resulted in 4 mg pure protein from 100 ml bacterial cell culture. Recombinant T. brucei tryparedoxin acts as a thiol-disulfide oxidoreductase. It is spontaneously reduced by(More)
The manganese-containing ribonucleotide reductase previously identified in gram-positive bacteria has been purified and its nucleotide specificity and other requirements were determined. The enzyme isolated from Brevibacterium ammoniagenes is a ribonucleoside-diphosphate reductase which, in the presence of allosteric effectors, reduces all four common(More)
Yeast cells permeabilized by freeze-thaw cycles in a sorbitol-containing medium provide an experimentally favorable system for the study of ribonucleotide reduction in a small number of cells or in mutant strains. Ribonucleotide reductase activities determined in such cells are about twice those found in cell extracts but properties of the enzyme, except pH(More)