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Second messenger-induced Ca(2+)-release from intracellular stores plays a key role in a multitude of physiological processes. In addition to 1,4,5-inositol trisphosphate (IP(3)), Ca(2+), and cyclic ADP ribose (cADPR) that trigger Ca(2+)-release from the endoplasmatic reticulum (ER), nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) has been identified(More)
Both phototactic and photophobic responses of Chlamydomonas are mediated by a visual system comprising a rhodopsin photoreceptor. Suction pipette recordings have revealed that flash stimulation causes calcium currents into the eyespot and the flagella. These photocurrents have been suggested to be the trigger for all behavioral light responses of the cell.(More)
Chlamydomonas exhibits a sequence of a photoreceptor current and two flagellar currents upon stimulation with bright green flashes. The currents are thought to be a prerequisite for the well-known photophobic responses. In the preceding paper, we analyzed the kinetics of these currents and their dependence on extracellular divalent ions. Here, we show that(More)
DNMT1 is recruited by PCNA and UHRF1 to maintain DNA methylation after replication. UHRF1 recognizes hemimethylated DNA substrates via the SRA domain, but also repressive H3K9me3 histone marks with its TTD. With systematic mutagenesis and functional assays, we could show that chromatin binding further involved UHRF1 PHD binding to unmodified H3R2. These(More)
Here we present a method by which gap junction-mediated intercellular diffusion of adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) molecules can be monitored in "real-time" and the cAMP permeability of different gap junction channels can be compared. Intercellular cAMP diffusion was investigated throughout this study in human HeLa cells coexpressing murine(More)
We have developed a fluorescence ratio-imaging system which is based on a 12 bit, 2 MHz slow scan CCD camera and a patented (patent number P 42 28 366.3-52) polychromatic illumination system. The latter produces monochromatic light (12 nm bandwidth) of high intensity (> 3 mW between 300 and 500 nm) and allows one to switch to any wavelength between 260 and(More)
Although cellular tumor-suppression mechanisms are widely studied, little is known about mechanisms that act at the level of tissues to suppress the occurrence of aberrant cells in epithelia. We find that ectopic expression of transcription factors that specify cell fates causes abnormal epithelial cysts in Drosophila imaginal discs. Cysts do not form cell(More)
Cav1.4 channels are unique among the high voltage-activated Ca2+ channel family because they completely lack Ca2+-dependent inactivation and display very slow voltage-dependent inactivation. Both properties are of crucial importance in ribbon synapses of retinal photoreceptors and bipolar cells, where sustained Ca2+ influx through Cav1.4 channels is(More)
Growth cones, the terminal structures of elongating neurites, use extracellular guidance information in order to navigate to appropriate target cells. The directional information of guidance cues is transduced to a cytoplasmic gradient of messenger molecules across the growth cone leading to rearrangements of the cytoskeleton. One messenger molecule(More)
In the green alga Chlamydomonas chlamyrhodopsin fulfills its role as a light sensor by absorbing light and activating photoreceptor channels within the eyespot area. At intense light stimuli, the photoreceptor (P) current triggers a fast and a slow flagellar current that finally leads to backward swimming (stop response). Here we report about probing the(More)