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PURPOSE A systematic epidemiological study on intensive care unit (ICU)-acquired candidemia across India. METHOD A prospective, nationwide, multicentric, observational study was conducted at 27 Indian ICUs. Consecutive patients who acquired candidemia after ICU admission were enrolled during April 2011 through September 2012. Clinical and laboratory(More)
The aim of this study was to quantify the expression level of genes involved in antioxidant defenses during inorganic arsenic (iAs) exposure in the blood of goats and to evaluate the regulative activity on these genes of antioxidant vitamin E in the diet. Twenty-four crossbred lactating goats (Alpine × Beetal) were distributed randomly into four equal(More)
Lindane, a broad-spectrum organochlorine pesticide, has caused a widespread environmental contamination along with other pesticides due to wrong agricultural practices. The high efficiency, sustainability and eco-friendly nature of the bioremediation process provide an edge over traditional physico-chemical remediation for managing pesticide pollution. In(More)
Brain abscess caused by Cladophialophora bantiana is a rare disease associated with high mortality due to delay in diagnosis and absence of standardized therapy. We reviewed 124 culture proven C. bantiana brain abscess cases; 103 cases published in English literature during 1952 through 2014 and 21 unpublished cases from our reference center. The majority(More)
A vaccine based on autoclaved Mycobacterium w was administered, in addition to standard multidrug therapy (MDT), to 157 untreated, bacteriologically positive, lepromin negative multibacillary leprosy patients, supported by a well matched control group of 147 patients with similar type of disease, who received a placebo injection in addition to MDT. The MDT(More)
The members of group III hybrid histidine kinases (HHK) are ubiquitous in fungi. Group III HHK have been implicated to function as osmosensors in the high osmolarity glycerol (HOG) pathway that is essential for fungal survival under high osmolarity stress. Recent literature suggests that group III HHK are also involved in conidia formation, virulence in(More)
The present study was designed to investigate the effect of amiloride, a Na+/H+ exchange inhibitor on cardioprotective effect of ischaemic preconditioning in isolated rat heart. Four episodes of ischaemic preconditioning and amiloride (174 microM) treatment markedly decreased the release of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and creatine kinase (CK) in coronary(More)
Modular polyketide synthases are large, multifunctional enzyme complexes that are involved in the biosynthesis of important polyketides. Recent studies have revolutionized our understanding of the linear organization of polyketide-synthase-gene clusters. They have provided crucial information on the initiation, elongation and termination of polyketide(More)
Rifamycins are primarily produced by Gram-positive bacterium Amycolatopsis mediterranei, which belongs to the order Actinomycetales. These antibiotics, apart from their application against pathogens of tuberculosis and leprosy, have also been found to be effective against several other pathogens including Mycobacterium avium and Pneumococcus. Because of the(More)
The cloning vector pRL60 was developed previously as a tool for genetic manipulations in Amycolatopsis mediterranei, which produces the commercially and medicinally important antibiotic rifamycin. Here, a method based on intraplasmid recombinations is described for the construction of smaller plasmids in A. mediterranei, which also helped in delimiting the(More)