Harsha Tripathi

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Nicotine was found to be potent in producing antinociception in mice and rats as measured by tail-flick latency but its action was of short duration. Nicotine's ED50 values (confidence limits) were 0.7 (0.4-1.1) and 2.0 (1.2-3.4) mg/kg in rats and mice, respectively, at the time of maximum effect. Brain levels of nicotine reached a maximum at 10 min,(More)
The stereoisomers of nicotine were evaluated for their effectiveness in producing antinociception and altering spontaneous activity and Rotarod performance in rats. (-)-Nicotine was found to be 6, 15 and 30 times more active than its unnatural enantiomer, (+)-nicotine, in the spontaneous activity, Rotarod and antinociceptive tests, respectively.(More)
The LD50s and ED50s for inhibition of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in whole mouse brain by DFP (diisopropylfluorophosphate), sarin (methylphosphonofluoridic acid 1-methyl ethyl ester), soman (methylphosphonofluoridic acid 1,2,2-trimethyl propyl ester), and tabun (dimethylphosphoramidocyanidic acid ethyl ester) were compared after iv administration. The LD50s(More)
The psychoactive cannabinoids, delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta 9-THC), delta 8-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta 8-THC), 11-hydroxy-delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (11-OH-delta 9-THC) and 9-nor-9 beta-hydroxyhexahydrocannabinol (beta-HHC), as well as the nonpsychoactive cannabinoids, cannabinol (CBN), cannabidiol (CBD), abnormal CBD, delta 8-THC methyl ether(More)
PURPOSE To explore different molecular factors impairing the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) isoforms in senile cataractous lenses. METHODS Enzyme activity of SOD isoforms, levels of their corresponding cofactors copper (Cu), manganese (Mn), zinc (Zn), and expression of mRNA transcripts and proteins were determined in the lenses of human subjects(More)
Studies on the mechanism of the hypoglycemia caused by the i.t. administration of morphine (40 micrograms) to nonfasted, unanesthetized mice included assessment of effects of i.t. morphine on circulating levels of immunoreactive insulin and glucagon, on body temperature, as well as testing the effects of i.p. pretreatment with antagonists of cholinergic,(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if blood cortisol and cerebrospinal fluid beta-endorphin levels correlate with prognosis following status epilepticus. DESIGN Twenty-seven adult patients with status epilepticus had blood cortisol and cerebrospinal fluid beta-endorphin levels measured within 12 hours after the cessation of clinical seizures. SETTING Patients with(More)
Because some symptoms of Rett's syndrome are suggestive of excessive endogenous opioid activity, we measured the levels of beta-endorphin-like immunoreactivity in lumbar CSF from 158 affected female patients and from 13 female controls. The mean (+/- SE) control level of beta-endorphin immunoreactivity in CSF was 35.3 +/- 2.8 pg/ml (range, 23 to 48 pg/ml),(More)
In contrast to our previous studies on the submersion of scuba divers in a state of neutral buoyancy, neither plasma beta-endorphin-like immunoreactivity (beta-EIR) nor affective feelings were significantly changes in scuba divers by mimicking diving pressures of 2 feet (0.6 m) and 50 feet (15.2 m) for 20 min in a hyperbaric chamber. It is concluded that(More)
The submersion of eight male scuba divers in a state of neutral buoyancy for 20 min resulted in a significant increase (mean, 20%) in plasma beta-endorphin immunoreactivity (beta-EIR), and all subjects reported post-submersion feelings of well-being, relaxation or euphoria. The increase in beta-EIR was negatively correlated with age (r = -0.727) and diving(More)