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Fuzzy c-means (FCM) clustering has been extensively studied and widely applied in the tissue classification of biomedical images. Previous enhancements to FCM have accounted for intensity shading, membership smoothness, and variable cluster sizes. In this paper, we introduce a new parameter called "compactness" which captures additional information of the(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies of mechanical strain anomalies in myocardial infarction (MI) have been largely limited to analysis of one-dimensional (1D) and two-dimensional (2D) strain parameters. Advances in cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) methods now permit a complete three-dimensional (3D) interrogation of myocardial regional strain. The aim of(More)
Current MRI methods for myocardial motion and strain quantification have limited resolution because of Fourier space spectral peak interference. Methods have been proposed to remove this interference in order to improve resolution; however, these methods are clinically impractical due to the prolonged imaging times. In this paper, we propose total removal(More)
BACKGROUND We sought to investigate the relationship between infarct and dyssynchrony post- myocardial infarct (MI), in a porcine model. Mechanical dyssynchrony post-MI is associated with left ventricular (LV) remodeling and increased mortality. METHODS Cine, gadolinium-contrast, and tagged cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) were performed pre-MI, 9(More)
Sialic acid, an acylated derivative of nine carbon sugar neuraminic acid. Serum total sialic acid is a cardiovascular risk factor and associated with increased cardiovascular mortality. The present study was planned to explore the role of serum total sialic acid levels and its correlation with atherogenic index in acute myocardial infarction. It was a case(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether the performance of calculated high b value diffusion-weighted images (DWI) derived from regular lower b value DWI using exponential diffusion decay models (intravoxel incoherent motion = IVIM and diffusional kurtosis = DK) is comparable to acquired high b value DWI in prostate cancer detection. MATERIALS AND METHODS One(More)
Purpose. To determine to what extent an inflatable endorectal coil (ERC) affects whole prostate (WP) volume and shape during prostate MRI. Materials and Methods. 79 consecutive patients underwent T2W MRI at 3T first with a 6-channel surface coil and then with the combination of a 16-channel surface coil and ERC in the same imaging session. WP volume was(More)
To improve the life of disabled people by use of automated tools, many scientists and organizations have been doing research on designing various products. One such intelligent product is the Voice Controlled Wheelchair. Many methods have been used to design it, each method uses a different hardware and hence providing specific functionalities. In this(More)