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BACKGROUND Reporting methodology is highly variable and nonstandardized, yet surgical outcomes are utilized in clinical trial design and evaluation of healthcare provider performance. OBJECTIVE We sought to define the type, incidence, and severity of early postoperative morbidities following radical cystectomy (RC) using a standardized reporting(More)
CONTEXT Aims of bladder preservation in muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) are to offer a quality-of-life advantage and avoid potential morbidity or mortality of radical cystectomy (RC) without compromising oncologic outcomes. Because of the lack of a completed randomised controlled trial, oncologic equivalence of bladder preservation modality treatments(More)
BACKGROUND Approximately one third of the patients with superficially infiltrative transitional cell (T1-TNM pathological staging system) bladder carcinoma who are treated with transurethral resection alone have disease progression. Despite precise pathologic staging and grading, clinical outcome in these patients is not predictable. Recent reports reveal(More)
PURPOSE We determined surgical outcomes in a contemporary series of patients who underwent surgery for urachal carcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS A cohort of 50 patients with clinically staged localized urachal carcinoma underwent extended partial cystectomy, including the urachal tumor mass and entire urachus. The patients were followed a median of 5+(More)
PURPOSE Should the surgeon proceed with surgery when grossly positive nodes are found at cystectomy? To answer this question, we determine the outcome of patients after radical surgery alone for grossly node positive bladder cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 84 patients with grossly node positive (N2-3) bladder cancer found at cystectomy underwent(More)
Tumor-infiltrating cytotoxic T lymphocytes (TILs), including CD8 TILs, have been associated with favorable clinical outcomes in multiple tumor types. Tumor-infiltrating CD8 T cells and major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I expression in urothelial carcinoma (UC) have not been previously reported. Most immune responses are mediated by local(More)
CONTEXT The incidence of bladder cancer increases with advancing age. Considering the increasing life expectancy and the increasing proportion of elderly people in the general population, radical cystectomy will be considered for a growing number of elderly patients who suffer from muscle-invasive or recurrent bladder cancer. OBJECTIVE This article(More)
BACKGROUND Perioperative cisplatin combination chemotherapy is associated with a survival benefit in patients with invasive bladder cancer (BCa). However, in a recent report from the National Cancer Database (NCDB), only 11.6% of stage III BCa patients received perioperative chemotherapy, the majority in the adjuvant setting. OBJECTIVE We explore the(More)
Of 133 patients with advanced urothelial tract cancer given methotrexate (MTX), vinblastine (VBL), Adriamycin (ADR) (doxorubicin; Adria Laboratories, Columbus, OH), and cisplatin (DDP) (M-VAC regimen), significant tumor regression occurred in 72% +/- 8% of 121 with transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) evaluable for response. Complete remission (CR) was(More)
CONTEXT Urothelial bladder cancer (UBC) is a disease of significant morbidity and mortality. It is important to understand the risk factors of this disease. OBJECTIVE To describe the incidence, prevalence, and mortality of UBC and to review and interpret the current evidence on and impact of the related risk factors. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION A literature(More)