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Epidemiological studies show an increased risk of bladder cancer associated with tobacco smoking and occupational exposures. Certain carcinogens in tobacco and occupational exposures cause DNA damage and may produce specific mutations. TP53 is considered a common target for carcinogenic agents, and mutations of this gene are reported to be the most frequent(More)
BACKGROUND Patients diagnosed with superficial bladder cancer who have not undergone total cystectomy are at high risk for recurrence, and bladder surveillance with cystoscopy is recommended for such patients every 3-6 months. We examined the degree to which bladder cancer patients undergo the recommended surveillance procedures and identified patient and(More)
There is a need for the identification of an accurate test for the detection of recurrent bladder cancer. In this study, we evaluate the telomeric repeat amplification protocol (TRAP) assay for detection of tebomerase as a potential new method for bladder cancer detection and compare it to voided urine cytology. A urine sample and a bladder wash were(More)
The expression of HLA-A, -B, -C, and -DR antigens has been analyzed in 145 unrelated Caucasian patients with germ cell tumors of the testis. Eighteen of these patients had pure seminoma, while the remaining patients had nonseminomatous tumors with embryonal carcinoma, teratocarcinoma, choriocarcinoma, and/or yolk sac components, with or without seminoma.(More)
BACKGROUND Evidence-based guidelines recommend radical cystectomy for patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer. However, many patients receive alternate therapies, such as chemotherapy or radiation. We examined factors that are associated with the use of radical cystectomy for invasive bladder cancer and compared the survival outcomes of patients with(More)
BACKGROUND We sought to determine if idiographic, or self-defined, measures added to our understanding of patients with bladder cancer's quality of life (QOL) prior to radical cystectomy (RC). We tested whether idiographic measures increased prediction of global QOL beyond standard (nomothetic) measures of QOL components. METHODS We administered the(More)
Urologists often insist on sterile urine before invasive outpatient urological procedures, and urine culture and antibiotics are usually given before cystoscopy or instillation of bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) therapy, especially in patients who have positive urine cultures. Our experience suggests that cystoscopy and induction BCG therapy can be performed(More)
Objective. To report our contemporary experience with partial cystectomy after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Patients and Methods. Retrospective review of patients who underwent neoadjuvant chemotherapy and partial cystectomy for urothelial cell carcinoma of the bladder at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center from 1995 to 2013. Log-rank test and Cox(More)
After 20 years of screening for breast and prostate cancer, several observations can be made. First, the incidence of these cancers increased after the introduction of screening but has never returned to prescreening levels. Second, the increase in the relative fraction of early stage cancers has increased. Third, the incidence of regional cancers has not(More)