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Lateral hypothalamic (LH) injections of the excitatory neurotransmitter glutamate, or its excitatory amino acid (EAA) agonists, kainic acid (KA), D,L-alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-isoxazole propionic acid (AMPA), or N-methyl-D-aspartic acid (NMDA), can rapidly elicit an intense feeding response in satiated rats. To determine whether the LH is the actual(More)
PURPOSE The goal of this study was to (1) determine parents access to and use of the Internet for information relating to their child's health; (2) investigate parents methods of searching for such information; and (3) evaluate the information found in relation to its readability, accuracy, and influence. METHODS A study was conducted of 150 parents of(More)
Robotics has been recognized as a major driving force in the advancement of minimally invasive surgery. However, the extent to which General Surgery residents are being trained to use robotic technology has never been assessed. A survey was sent to program directors of accredited General Surgery training programs to determine the prevalence and application(More)
To determine whether endogenous lateral hypothalamic (LH) glutamate and its N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors might participate in the stimulation of natural eating, LH injection of the NMDA antagonist D-(-)-2-amino-5-phosphonopentanoic acid (D-AP5) was tested in adult male rats for suppressive actions on feeding elicited by 1) NMDA, kainic acid or D,(More)
The variability in frequency of allogeneic blood transfusion during coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) is a concern. Evidence-based guidelines support minimizing the use of blood during open heart surgery. The Hospital Clinical Services Group quality indicator database was queried for intraoperative red blood cell (RBC) transfusions in 17 252 isolated(More)
Currently, there is a growing interest in minimally invasive cardiac surgery, and despite early criticisms, it has become the preferred method of mitral valve repair and replacement in many institutions worldwide with excellent results. The interest in performing cardiac valve operations through minimal incisions was stimulated by Port Access technology and(More)
BACKGROUND Standards for heparinization during off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) are lacking. Similarly, there are no established standards for antiplatelet therapy before or after OPCAB. The aim of this study was to determine current practices and standards for both antiplatelet and heparin therapy in OPCAB. METHODS A postal, multiple-choice survey(More)
BACKGROUND Many investigators have demonstrated the short-term and midterm efficacy of minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass (MIDCAB). However, the influence of heparin dosing during MIDCAB on postoperative and immediate graft patency is less well defined. This report outlines our experience with MIDCAB employing a variety of heparinization(More)
In the past decade, new developments in cardiology and cardiac surgery have begun to offer patients a variety of new, less invasive options for the treatment of coronary artery disease. One such option is the hybrid approach to coronary artery revascularization. This combines minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass surgery (MIDCAB) of the left(More)