Harry Van Onckelen

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A new auxin homeostasis gene in Arabidopsis called SUR2 has been identified. This gene, mapped to the bottom of chromosome 4, is defined by two recessive nuclear mutants designated superroot2 (sur2), which display several abnormalities reminiscent of auxin effects. A number of these characteristics are similar to the phenotype of the previously described(More)
In Spathiphyllum floribundum ‘Petite’, which was cultured on medium containing benzyladenine (BA), uptake of this cytokinin and its conversion to 9-ß-D-ribofuranosyl-benzyladenine (9R-BA) or 9-ß-glucopyranosyl-benzyladenine (9G-BA) was monitored. BA and extremely large quantities of 9G-BA were exclusively located in the basal part of the plant (callus and(More)
The production, isolation, and purification of specific chicken immunoglobulins (Igs) against three main groups of naturally occurring cytokinins are reported. The specific Igs directed against, respectively, zeatin riboside, dihydrozeatin riboside, and isopentenyladenosine are extracted from the egg yolk and used in radioimmunoassays that allow the(More)
Seven distinct partial cDNAs, similar in sequence to previously described polygalacturonases (PGs), were amplified from cDNA derived from rape pod wall, dehiscence zone and leaves by the polymerase chain reaction. Northern analysis showed that one clone, PG35-8, was expressed at low levels in the dehiscence zone during the first five weeks after anthesis(More)
The expression of the mitotic cyclin Arath;CYCB1;1 and of the cyclin-dependent kinase Arath;CDC2a was located by β-glucuronidase histochemical detection and in situ hybridization, and was quantified by 4-methylumbelliferyl β-D-glucuronide assay in tobacco stem tissues during both in vivo differentiation and in vitro dedifferentiation. The changes in(More)
In plants of Sinapis alba L. induced to flower by one long day (LD), previous work showed that the phloem sap feeding the shoot apex is enriched in cytokinins of the isopentenyladenine (iP)-type between 9 and 25 h after start of the LD [P. Lejeune et al. (1994) Physiol Plant 90:522–528]. We have checked the hypothesis that the cytokinin content of the shoot(More)
Shoots and roots can be regenerated through organogenesis in tissue culture by subjecting plant explants to the appropriate regime of hormone treatments. In an effort to understand the control of shoot organogenesis, we screened for mutants in Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. Columbia ecotype for enhanced shoot development at sub-optimal concentrations of(More)
Imidazole fungicides such as imazalil, prochloraz, and triflurnizole and the triazole growth retardant paclobutrazol promote the shoot-inducing effect of exogenous cytokinins in Araceae, such as Spathiphyllum floribundum Schott and Anthurium andreanum Schott. The mechanism of their action could partially be based on the inhibition of gibberellic acid (GA)(More)
Immature zygotic embryos of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) produce somatic embryos when cultured on medium supplemented with a cytokinin as the sole source of exogenous growth regulators. The timing of the induction phase and subsequent morphogenic events have been well characterized in previous work. We address here the question of the role of endogenous(More)
The ectopic expression of knotted homologues has cytokinin-like effects on plant morphology. The functional relationship between knotted and cytokinins was investigated in cultures of leaf tissue established from tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L. cv. Havana 425) plants transformed with the maize knotted1 (kn1) gene regulated by cauliflower mosaic virus 35S RNA(More)