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BACKGROUND Since the initial description of laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (LDN) in 1995, the field of renal transplantation has continued to evolve. Although the identification of donor kidneys with multiple renal arteries (MRA) was considered a contraindication to LDN, improvement in the surgical technique to surmount the technical challenges of LDN with(More)
Oracle Materialized Views (MVs) are designed for data warehousing and replication. For data warehousing, MVs based on inner/outer equi-joins with optional aggregation, can be refreshed on transaction boundaries, on demand, or periodically. Refreshes are optimized for bulk loads and can use a multi-MV scheduler. MVs based on subqueries on remote tables(More)
User mode program usually requires the assistance from hardware in order to execute a mode change before using system service. This also allows user mode program to gain complete control of hardware. In this paper, new instructions are proposed; the OS may then take advantage of these instructions to more effectively use the system service, while reducing(More)
Purpose. Acute antibody-mediated rejection, a complication of cross match positive and sensitized renal transplants, occurs despite the use of standard desensitization protocols. Rescue therapy consists of plasmapheresis and intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg). In patients with preformed donor specific antibodies, rejection can be aggressive. We report here a(More)
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