Harry N. Shair

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Bereavement is a highly disruptive experience that is usually followed by a painful but time-limited period of acute grief. An unfortunate minority of individuals experience prolonged and impairing complicated grief, an identifiable syndrome that differs from usual grief, major depression, and other DSM IV diagnostic entities. Underlying processes guiding(More)
Two-week-old rats were found to emit very little ultrasound in their cage except during arrivals and departures of the mother, when average peak rates of approximately 1 ultrasonic pulse/rat/min were detected. However, when all pups except one were removed from the home cage, the remaining isolated pup emitted ultrasound at a mean rate of 12 pulses/min for(More)
Emissions of ultrasonic vocalizations (USVs) by rat pups (Rattus norvegicus) during hypothermia have consequences for recovery and warming. We investigated the effects on dam behavior of USVs emitted by 3- to 11-day-old pups during hypothermia at rectal temperatures between 18 and 22 degrees C. Rat dams were tested in a Y maze with the home cage as a start(More)
The ultrasonic vocalization (USV), or isolation calling response, of infant rats and mice has been studied as a measure of the intensity of an aversive affective state and as an early communicative behavior between pup and mother. The four protocols described in this unit are for the basic isolation testing procedure, and for elicitation of the contact(More)
This article describes how continued selection for divergent levels of the 10-day-old infant rat's ultrasonic vocal (USV) response to isolation affects the time course of development of that and other possible co-selected traits from 3 to 21 days postnatally. Since selective breeding for an infantile trait has not been reported before, we collected from(More)
In this experiment SHR and WKY dams reared genetically identical F1 pups derived from SHR x WKY matings. We found that a composite maternal behavior score was positively correlated with adult blood pressures of the fostered offspring. This replicated a similar finding from our previous study in which SHR and WKY mothers reared their own pups. Unlike this(More)
Basal autonomic control of the heart period (HP) changes considerably during the early postnatal period in the rat. Although studies in the developing animal have examined the ability of the sympathetic branch to decrease HP during physiological challenge, few studies have examined the emerging capabilities of the parasympathetic branch to alter HP during(More)
Previous studies on sensory control of nursing in the rat have emphasized local olfactory cues. This study examined the role of tactile sensory processes by surgical section of the infraorbital nerve in rats at 17, 12, 7, and less than 1 day of postnatal age. All sectioned rats showed anesthesia of snout, upper lip, and vibrissal pads, and severe impairment(More)
In adult animals, the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) plays a significant role in regulating emotions and projects to the amygdala and periaqueductal gray (PAG) to modulate emotional responses. However, little is known about the development of this neural circuit and its relevance to unlearned fear in pre-adulthood. To address these issues, we examined the(More)