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The purpose of this study was to assess the accuracy of clinical and laboratory measures of directional microphone benefit. Three methods of simulating a noisy restaurant listening situation ([1] a multimicrophone/multiloudspeaker simulation, the R-SPACE, [2] a single noise source behind the listener, and [3] a single noise source above the listener) were(More)
OBJECTIVES The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the possibility of improving speech recognition testing sensitivity by incorporating response time measures as a metric. Two different techniques for obtaining response time were compared: a word-monitoring task and a closed-set identification task. DESIGN Recordings of the Modified Rhyme(More)
Acoustic measurements of nonsense syllables in quiet and in noise were used to predict the pattern of consonant confusions made under those conditions. Eleven sets of nonsense syllables were presented to normal-hearing subjects in quiet and at a +5 dB speech-to-noise ratio, at five speech levels. A set of acoustic characteristics of the speech stimuli were(More)
  • H Levitt
  • 2001
Background noise is particularly damaging to speech intelligibility for people with hearing loss. The problem of reducing noise in hearing aids is one of great importance--and great difficulty. The problem has been addressed in many different ways over the years. The techniques used range from relatively simple forms of filtering to advanced signal(More)
Measurements of middle ear (ME) acoustic power flow (power reflectance, power absorption, and transmittance) and normalized impedance (acoustic resistance, acoustic reactance, and impedance magnitude) were compared for their utility in clinical applications. Transmittance, a measure of the acoustic power absorbed by the ME, was found to have several(More)
  • H Levitt
  • 1995
Assistive technology involving voice communication is used primarily by people who are deaf, hard of hearing, or who have speech and/or language disabilities. It is also used to a lesser extent by people with visual or motor disabilities. A very wide range of devices has been developed for people with hearing loss. These devices can be categorized not only(More)
Two experiments were carried out to determine how manipulating the compression ratio and release time of a single-band wide dynamic range hearing aid affects sound quality. In experiment I, compression ratio was varied over the range from linear to 10:1 (low compression threshold, attack time = 5 ms, release time = 200 ms). In experiment II, compression(More)
Paired-comparison judgments of quality were obtained from 20 hearing-impaired listeners for speech processed through simulated compression hearing aids varying in release time (60, 200, 1000 ms) at three different compression ratios (1.5, 2, 3:1) and for three different background noises (ventilation, apartment, cafeteria). Analysis revealed that the main(More)