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  • Harry Levitt
  • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
  • 1971
During the past decade a number of variations in the simple up-down procedure have been used in psychoacoustic testing. A broad class of these methods is described with due emphasis on the related problems of parameter estimation and the efficient placing of observations. The advantages of up-down methods are many, including simplicity, high efficiency,(More)
Acoustic measurements of nonsense syllables in quiet and in noise were used to predict the pattern of consonant confusions made under those conditions. Eleven sets of nonsense syllables were presented to normal-hearing subjects in quiet and at a +5 dB speech-to-noise ratio, at five speech levels. A set of acoustic characteristics of the speech stimuli were(More)
Measurements of middle ear (ME) acoustic power flow (power reflectance, power absorption, and transmittance) and normalized impedance (acoustic resistance, acoustic reactance, and impedance magnitude) were compared for their utility in clinical applications. Transmittance, a measure of the acoustic power absorbed by the ME, was found to have several(More)
The purpose of this study was to assess the accuracy of clinical and laboratory measures of directional microphone benefit. Three methods of simulating a noisy restaurant listening situation ([1] a multimicrophone/multiloudspeaker simulation, the R-SPACE, [2] a single noise source behind the listener, and [3] a single noise source above the listener) were(More)
OBJECTIVES The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the possibility of improving speech recognition testing sensitivity by incorporating response time measures as a metric. Two different techniques for obtaining response time were compared: a word-monitoring task and a closed-set identification task. DESIGN Recordings of the Modified Rhyme(More)
Using digital video technology, selective aspects of a face can be masked by identifying the pixels that represent it and then, by adjusting the gray levels, effectively eliminate that facial aspect. In groups of young adults with normal vision and hearing, consonant-viseme recognition was measured for closed sets of vowel-consonant-vowel disyllables. In(More)
Four noise reduction methods for use in sensory aids for hearing impairment were evaluated. These include a two-microphone adaptive noise canceller, short-term Wiener filtering, a transformed spectrum subtraction technique, and sinusoidal modelling. The largest improvements in speech recognition were obtained with the two-microphone adaptive noise canceller(More)
The effect of adjusting the consonant-vowel (C-V) intensity ratio on consonant recognition in 18 subjects with sensorineural hearing impairment was investigated. C-V intensity ratios in a set of 48 vowel-consonant nonsense syllables were adjusted in steps of 3-6 dB depending on the subject's dynamic range of hearing. An increase in consonant intensity is(More)