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We studied the kinetic behavior of the reaction of alkaline picrate and creatinine and evaluated a nonlinear curve-fitting method for quantifying creatinine in serum. Using a 3 X 3 factorial experimental design, we evaluated interactive effects among temperature and concentrations of creatinine, picrate, and NaOH. We found no evidence of interference by(More)
We report conditions and characteristics of a new kinetic method for measuring lactate. Using a multiple linear regression method, we fit data for absorbance and for rate of change of absorbance to a modified rate form of the Michaelis-Menten equation. The principal objective of the fitting process is to compute the total absorbance change, delta A(More)
We describe an approach for the simultaneous determination of isoenzymes of alkaline phosphatase (EC based on the kinetic behavior of inhibition reactions. Data for absorbance vs time, collected while enzymes are being inhibited, are fitted with suitable models to obtain results related to activities of the individual isoenzymes. The primary focus(More)
Here we describe an error-compensating kinetic-based method for the enzymatic quantification of creatinine in serum. The method, which has a large linear range and very low dependency on experimental variables that influence enzyme activity, is based on the use of creatinine amidohydrolase in a four-step coupled reaction sequence to generate a product that(More)
This paper discusses properties of several statistical parameters that are useful in judging the quality of least-squares fits of experimental data and in interpreting least-squares results. The presentation includes simplified equations that emphasize similarities and dissimilarities among the standard error of estimate, the standard deviations of slopes(More)
This paper introduces a systematic approach to organizing the discipline of clinical chemistry. The approach is called a top-down systems approach because it starts at the top with the most general concepts and works down through less general concepts to the most specific details and techniques. The hypothesis is that the discipline can be organized into(More)
We report a detailed analysis of the effects of photo-metric errors in absorption spectroscopy. We show that photometric errors can be divided into five categories, each having a different effect on the relative concentration error for equilibrium and kinetic analyses. Error coefficients defined for each category are incorporated intomathematical equations(More)
A new automatic potentiometric reaction-rate method has been applied to the specific enzymatic measurement of glucose in blood plasma or serum. A new filtering technic is described for removal of precipitated protein. The use of injection pipets to simplify and speed up the reagentand sample-handling step is described. Glucose is determined in 0.02 ml. of(More)
The formal definition of sensitivity associates the term with the change in the response of a system for a small change of the stimulus causing the response, i.e., the ratio of the response of a system to the stimulus causing it. One interpretation of sensitivity associates the rate of change of the response for a small change of the stimulus as the slope(More)