Harry L. June

Learn More
GABA receptors within the mesolimbic circuitry have been proposed to play a role in regulating alcohol-seeking behaviors in the alcohol-preferring (P) rat. However, the precise GABA(A) receptor subunit(s) mediating the reinforcing properties of EtOH remains unknown. We examined the capacity of intrahippocampal infusions of an alpha5 subunit-selective ((More)
Nalmefene, the 6-methylene derivative of naltrexone, was examined after subcutaneous (s.c.) (0.0001 to 8.0 mg/kg) and oral (10 to 80.0 mg/kg) administration in ethanol (EtOH)-preferring rats whose responding (i.e., lever pressing) was maintained by the presentation of EtOH. Naltrexone (0.01 to 40 mg/kg) was used as a reference opioid antagonist. EtOH (10%(More)
OBJECTIVES To characterize the postmorphine time course of precipitated withdrawal responses in comparison with the time course of opioid agonist effects and of plasma morphine concentrations. BACKGROUND The study provides a more detailed and comprehensive assessment of the postagonist time course of acute dependence effects in humans than previously(More)
Alcohol dependence is a complex disorder that initiates with episodes of excessive alcohol drinking known as binge drinking. It has a 50–60% risk contribution from inherited susceptibility genes; however, their exact identity and function are still poorly understood. We report that alcohol-preferring P rats have innately elevated levels of Toll-like(More)
The present study tested the hypothesis that GABAA and opioid receptors within the central nucleus of the amygdala (CeA) regulate ethanol (EtOH), but not sucrose-maintained responding. To accomplish this, βCCt, a mixed benzodiazepine (BDZ) agonist–antagonist with binding selectivity at the α1 subunit-containing GABAA receptor, and the nonselective opioid(More)
Binge drinking (blood-alcohol levels ≥ 0.08 g% in a 2-h period), is a significant public health burden in need of improved treatment. Gene therapy may offer beneficial alternatives to current psychosocial and pharmacotherapeutic interventions, but identification of the target genes is a clinical challenge. We report that a GABA(A) α2 siRNA vector(More)
In the present study, we examined two high-affinity and selective benzodiazepine (BDZ) receptor antagonists (ZK 93426, CGS 8216) in ethanol (EtOH)-preferring rats whose responding (i.e., lever pressing) was maintained by the presentation of EtOH. The in vivo actions of CGS 8216 (1-30 mg/kg) and ZK 93426 (5-75 mg/kg) were examined after intraperitoneal or(More)
Although generally considered to be a depressant drug, ethanol has both stimulant and depressant effects on behavior. This biphasic action of ethanol may be related to its reinforcing effects and to the neurobehavioral events that occur with changes in blood alcohol concentration (BAC). Ethanol was found to reduce the threshold and increase response rates(More)
The novel imidazothienodiazepine inverse agonist RO19-4603 has been reported to attenuate EtOH intake in home cage drinking tests for at least 24 h post-drug administration after systemic administration. In the present study, selectively bred alcohol-preferring (P) rats were trained under a concurrent (FR4-FR4) operant schedule to press one lever for EtOH(More)
The clinical pharmacology of fentanyl and alfentanil was examined in opioid-experienced volunteers with agonist and antagonist sensitivity measures. Two studies used within-subject, placebo-controlled, crossover designs. In study 1, fentanyl (0.125, 0.25 mg/70 kg i.v.) was followed at 0, 20, 60 and 180 min by naloxone (10 mg/70 kg i.m.). Agonist effects(More)