Harry J. de Koning

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BACKGROUND The European Randomized Study of Screening for Prostate Cancer was initiated in the early 1990s to evaluate the effect of screening with prostate-specific-antigen (PSA) testing on death rates from prostate cancer. METHODS We identified 182,000 men between the ages of 50 and 74 years through registries in seven European countries for inclusion(More)
BACKGROUND The value of regular surveillance for breast cancer in women with a genetic or familial predisposition to breast cancer is currently unproven. We compared the efficacy of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with that of mammography for screening in this group of high-risk women. METHODS Women who had a cumulative lifetime risk of breast cancer of(More)
BACKGROUND Several trials evaluating the effect of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing on prostate-cancer mortality have shown conflicting results. We updated prostate-cancer mortality in the European Randomized Study of Screening for Prostate Cancer with 2 additional years of follow-up. METHODS The study involved 182,160 men between the ages of 50(More)
BACKGROUND Screening for prostate cancer advances the time of diagnosis (lead time) and detects cancers that would not have been diagnosed in the absence of screening (overdetection). Both consequences have considerable impact on the net benefits of screening. METHODS We developed simulation models based on results of the Rotterdam section of the European(More)
BACKGROUND Despite trials of mammography and widespread use, optimal screening policy is controversial. OBJECTIVE To evaluate U.S. breast cancer screening strategies. DESIGN 6 models using common data elements. DATA SOURCES National data on age-specific incidence, competing mortality, mammography characteristics, and treatment effects. TARGET(More)
A method to obtain the optimal selection criteria, taking into account available resources and capacity and the impact on power, is presented for the Dutch-Belgian randomised lung cancer screening trial (NELSON). NELSON investigates whether 16-detector multi-slice computed tomography screening will decrease lung cancer mortality compared to no screening. A(More)
BACKGROUND More than a decade ago, a mammography screening programme for women aged 50-69 years was initiated in the Netherlands. Our aim was to assess the effect of this programme on breast-cancer mortality rates. METHODS We examined data for 27948 women who died of breast-cancer aged 55-74 years between 1980 and 1999 (30560 cases until 2001). We grouped(More)
In December 2003, the Dutch-Belgian NELSON trial, a Dutch acronym for "Nederlands-Leuvens Longkanker Screenings ONderzoek", has been launched. Primary objective of the NELSON trial is to investigate whether screening for lung cancer by 16-detector multi-slice CT with 16 mm x 0.75 mm collimation and 15 mm table feed per rotation (pitch=1.5) in year 1, 2 and(More)
BACKGROUND The time by which prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening advances prostate cancer diagnosis, called the lead time, has been reported by several studies, but results have varied widely, with mean lead times ranging from 3 to 12 years. A quantity that is closely linked with the lead time is the overdiagnosis frequency, which is the fraction of(More)
PURPOSE The Dutch MRI Screening Study on early detection of hereditary breast cancer started in 1999. We evaluated the long-term results including separate analyses of BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers and first results on survival. PATIENTS AND METHODS Women with higher than 15% cumulative lifetime risk (CLTR) of breast cancer were screened with biannual(More)