Harry J. M. Groen

Learn More
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) is a functional barrier that hampers the delivery of various drugs to the brain by its physicoanatomical properties and by the presence of ATP-driven drug efflux pumps, such as P-glycoprotein (P-gp). The aims of this study were (1) to study whether the distribution volume (DV) is useful for quantification of (labeled) P-gp(More)
Response rate and toxicity of second-line therapy with docetaxel (75 mg m(-2)) or docetaxel, irinotecan, and lenogastrim (60 mg m(-2), 200 mg m(-2), and 150 microg m(-2) day(-1), respectively) were compared in 108 patients with stage IIIb-IV non-small-cell lung cancer. Addition of irinotecan to docetaxel does not improve response rate, and increases(More)
BACKGROUND Quality of life (QoL) is considered to be an indispensable outcome measure of curative and palliative treatment. However, QoL research often yields findings that raise questions about what QoL measurement instruments actually assess and how the scores should be interpreted. OBJECTIVE To investigate how patients interpret and respond to(More)
The QRS interval, from the beginning of the Q wave to the end of the S wave on an electrocardiogram, reflects ventricular depolarization and conduction time and is a risk factor for mortality, sudden death and heart failure. We performed a genome-wide association meta-analysis in 40,407 individuals of European descent from 14 studies, with further(More)
AIM In this feasibility study we investigated whether magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO) can be used to identify regional and distant lymph nodes, including mediastinal and celiac lymph node metastases in patients with oesophageal cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS Ten patients with a potentially curative(More)
In lifting, the abdominal muscles are thought to be activated to stabilize the spine. As a detrimental effect, they contribute to spinal compression. The existing literature is not conclusive about the biological relevance of this effect. From biological, mechanical and anatomical considerations it was hypothesised that the relative abdominal contribution(More)
5-fluorouracil pharmacokinetics, dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase-activity and DNA sequence analysis were compared between a patient with extreme 5-fluorouracil induced toxicity and six control patients with normal 5-fluorouracil related symptoms. Patients were treated for colorectal cancer and received chemotherapy consisting of leucovorin 20 mg m(-2) plus(More)
BACKGROUND Although surgery offers the best chance of cure for patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the overall 5-year survival rate is modest, and improvements are urgently needed. In the 1990s, much interest was generated from two small trials that reported striking results with neo-adjuvant chemotherapy, and therefore our intergroup(More)
PURPOSE Sorafenib inhibits the Ras/Raf pathway, which is overactive in cancer patients with a KRAS mutation. We hypothesized that patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with KRAS mutation will benefit from treatment with sorafenib. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN In this phase II study, patients with KRAS-mutated, stage IIIb or IV NSCLC that progressed(More)
BACKGROUND Response shift has gained increasing attention in the measurement of health-related quality of life (QoL) as it may explain counter-intuitive findings as a result of adaptation to deteriorating health. OBJECTIVE To search for response shift type explanations to account for counter-intuitive findings in QoL measurement. METHODS Qualitative(More)