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OBJECTIVE Computer 3D navigation (3D NAV) techniques in spinal instrumentation can theoretically improve screw placement accuracy and reduce injury to critical neurovascular structures, especially in complex cases. In this series, we analyze the results of 3D NAV in pedicle screw placement accuracy, screw outer diameter, and case complexity in comparison(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate whether all sizes of wear particles are capable of provoking inflammatory responses and whether there are different responses among different particle sizes. The knees of 40 female Balb/c mice were injected with polystyrene particles of three different diameters, 0.5 microm, 2.0 microm, and 75 microm, using a 0.1%(More)
OBJECTIVES Growing evidence supports the substantial pathophysiological impact of platelets on the development of rheumatoid arthritis. At present there are no methods for studying these cellular mechanisms in vivo. The aim of this study was to visualize and investigate platelet-endothelial cell interaction in the knee joint of mice with antigen-induced(More)
OBJECT Tissue-engineered intervertebral discs (TE-IVDs) represent a new experimental approach for the treatment of degenerative disc disease. Compared with mechanical implants, TE-IVDs may better mimic the properties of native discs. The authors conducted a study to evaluate the outcome of TE-IVDs implanted into the rat-tail spine using radiological(More)
Although it is now widely recognized that the inflammatory response to implant wear particles plays an important role in aseptic loosening of total joint replacements, the precise mechanisms of this process remain unclear. The aim of this study was to establish an animal model for the study of the adverse response to particulate wear debris and the effects(More)
alpha(M)beta(2) integrin receptors on myeloid cells mediate the adhesion or uptake of diverse ligands. Ligand binding occurs in the alpha(M) chain, which is composed of an I domain and a lectin domain. The alpha(M) I domain binds iC3b, fibrinogen, intercellular adhesion molecule-1, and other ligands and mediates the adhesion of neutrophils to platelet(More)
Lower back and neck pain are leading physical conditions for which patients see their doctors in the United States. The organ commonly implicated in this condition is the intervertebral disc (IVD), which frequently herniates, ruptures, or tears, often causing pain and limiting spinal mobility. To date, approaches for replacement of diseased IVD have been(More)
Nonbiological total disc replacement is currently being used for the treatment of intervertebral disc (IVD) disease and injury, but these implants are prone to mechanical wear, tear and possible dislodgement. Recently, tissue-engineered total disc replacement (TE-TDR) has been investigated as a possible alternative to more fully replicate the native IVD(More)
OBJECTIVE There is controversy about the effects of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) on adhesion molecules and the microvasculature in inflamed tissue. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess COX-2-expression in Antigen-induced Arthritis (AiA) and to investigate the effects of selective COX-2 inhibition by Celecoxib(More)
STUDY TYPE  Basic science Introduction:  Chronic back pain due to degenerative disc disease (DDD) is among the most important medical conditions causing morbidity and significant health care costs. Surgical treatment options include disc replacement or fusion surgery, but are associated with significant short- and long-term risks.1 Biological(More)